GEO Certified DevelopmentThe Golf Development Voluntary Sustainability Standard (VSS) document is the result of 18-months of open consultation with the general public and an established International Expert Working Group of golf and non-golf representatives. This period of consultation was preceded by two years of real world testing and development with ten live golf developments from across the globe.

What is presented below is an open access document, designed to inform the process of delivering an internationally recognised sustainable golf development. It encompasses issues of nature protection and enhancement, resource efficiency and community connections. Applicable to all scales of golf course, the practices within the document are adaptable, open and affordable for all. 

Development Standard Cover



English Language Version
(Click on image to download - 5 MB)                                                               

Phát triển sân Golf bền vững Quy chuẩn bền vững tự nguyện

Vietnamese Language Version
(Click on image to download - 6.1MB)  

VSS Chinese

Chinese Language Version

(Click on image to download - 4.6MB)  

Languages to follow: Spanish, French, Portuguese

Details of the consultation process is available on request.

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Supporting Documents 

Below is a short handbook and claims guide to assist in applying the VSS to individual developments and guidance on making public claims about a development. 



VSS Handbook - English Language Version
(Click on image to download - 3MB) 

Claims Guide
VSS Claims Guide - English Language Version
(Click on image to download - 0.7MB) 

For details of how you can get further support and recognition from GEO see get_involved/developments.

Hard copies of public summaries, standards and other related materials are made available upon request at as low a cost as possible, and covering only reasonable administrative costs.  Please contact us.