St Anne's Old Links

GEO Certified® 12/2017
Lytham St Anne's ,
England, United Kingdom
Telephone: +44 1253 723 597

St Anne's Old Links Golf Course is located in the coastal region of north west England and is designated for its ecologically important habitats. It takes a responsible approach to golf course management, basing its activities on a range of methods to reduce its environmental footprint and achieve an excellent standard of sustainable golf.

Matt Johns, GEOSA, Accredited Verifier Read verifier report.

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Click below to read about the activities undertaken by this golf facility to operate sustainably.

Facility details

Golf Courses
St Annes Old Links (18 holes, 6941 yards, year opened 1901)
1 Clubhouse(s)
1 Pro Shop
1 Practice Facility/Facilities


St Anne's Old Links Golf Course is a fragment of a once extensive dune system present along the Fylde Coast.

The site is designated as a Lancashire Biological Heritage Site and is listed on the Register, Reference SD315305. This Register includes important sites for wildlife that sit outside of statutory sites. This designation is given to the most important areas outside statutory sites, primarily to raise awareness and help conserve these areas for their nature conservation interest.

St Annes Old Links is situated just off the A584 Blackpool to Lytham road to the north of the town of St Annes. The golf course is bordered to the north and east by Blackpool airport, by the town of St Annes to the south. To the west it is separated from the Star Hills Nature Reserve by the transecting railway line. The course adjoins a SIte of Special Scientific Interest.

The golf course is included in the Fylde Sand Dunes Management Action Plan, 2008 confirming the importance of the golf course as a site of ecological value. This report also allows the course to be put into a wider geographical context.

The site provides a valuable habitat supporting flora and fauna characteristic of dune species. The rarest of these species includes Grass of Parnassus, Yellow Bartsia, Chaffweed and Trailing St John's-wort. These plants are all included within the Vascular Plants Red Data List for England.

With a recent change in Course Manager there is renewed enthusiasm and drive to re-establish appropriate management plans for the natural ecologically valuable grassland habitats as well as the amenity grassed playing surfaces. The Club have access to ecology reports written in respect of managing the site for both of these needs. Whilst these are not new documents it is proposed that the ideas and techniques covered in them provide the structure for concentrating efforts over the next few years.

Consultation & Surveys

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding landscape heritage conservation:

  • Sports Turf Research Institute

The following landscape assessments and surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Ecological Advisory Report on the Golf Course Bob Taylor 2007/07/24
Report on Follow Up Ecology Report Bob Taylor 2005/07/11

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding ecosystem protection and enhancement:

  • Sports Turf Research Institute
  • Donal Steel Golf Course Architect
  • Lancashire Wildlife
  • English Nature

No ecological surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

Rare, protected and notable species occurring at this golf facility:

Local name Scientific name
yellow bartsia Parentucellia viscosa
chaffweed Anagallis minima
trailing St John's-wort Hypericum humifusum
grass of Parnassus Parnassia palustris
harebell Campanula rotundifolia
common restharrow Ononis repens
common knapweed Centaurea nigra
marram grass Ammophila arenaria
wild thyme Thymus serpyllum
common centaury Centaurium erythraea
common bird's foot trefoil Lotus corniculatus
sweet vernal grass Anthoxanthum odoratum
fine leaved sheeps fescue Festuca filiformis
marsh pennywort Hydrocotyle vulgaris
southern marsh orchid Dactylorhiza praetermissa
common spotted orchid Dactylorhiza fuchsii
gatekeeper butterfly Pyronia tithonus
meadow brown butterfly Maniola jurtina
common blue butterfly Polyommatus icarus
common blue damselfly Enallagma cyathigerum
sand lizard Lacerta agilis
Blue lyme grass Elymus arenarius glaucus 'Blue Dune'

This golf facility does not monitor any species as indicators of environmental quality.

Habitats & Designations

This golf facility does not feature any landscape designations.

Area of habitats / vegetation types, and associated designations at this golf facility:

Title Estimated Area (Acres) Designation
Rough 'ecological' grassland 57 None
Wetlands 1 None
Open Water Features 2 None
Sand dunes 2 None


Size and estimated species composition of amenity turfgrass maintained at this golf facility.

Estimated Area (Acres) Turfgrass Species Sward Composition (%)
Greens 2.5 Acres Poa annua 50%
Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 50%
Tees 2.5 Acres Poa annua 70%
Lolium perenne 10%
Fairways 25.0 Acres Festuca rubra 50%
Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 20%
Semi Rough 5.0 Acres Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 20%
Festuca rubra 50%

These turfgrasses are optimal for the circumstances at this club because:
These are the grasses that have established in response to local environmental pressures, the soils on which the course is situated and the management practices of recent decades. There are plans to alter the management programme to further improve grass species composition, to favour sustainable greenkeeping and to achieve further improvements in year round playing quality across all areas.

This golf facility assesses mowing patterns every: 1 months

This golf facility consults the following individuals / organizations regarding its grassing plan:

  • Stuart Ormondroyd, STRI Group
  • Donald Steel, Golf Course Architect
  • Emma Beggs, STRI Group

This golf facility is making the following efforts to manage the playing quality expectations of customers:

Activity Description
Establishing clear internal policies for irrigation, fertilization, colour, cutting heights, overseeding etc The Course Manager works with the Green Committee to implement the most appropriate programme. This is primarily based on traditional links greenkeeping. Fertiliser and artificial irrigation inputs are minimised to reflect the natural stresses this links turf would naturally be subject to.
Promoting the playing quality values of more naturalized turf, particularly fairways and semi-rough Golfers love playing off the finer grasses that should naturally thrive in this environment. Therefore the aim of the greenkeeping programme is to mimic nature, favouring poverty loving grasses over coarser grasses through appropriate maintenance. The aim going forwards is to retain turf density and turf quality across these areas whilst helping to offset the wear and tear that golf places on turf in this fragile duneland system.
Promoting the financial benefits of presenting sustainable surfaces There are financial benefits and playing quality benefits for golfers from implementing the sustainable approach to greenkeeping. For the Club it therefore makes sound business sense to adopt this model.
Improving customer understanding around greens maintenance The Club Professional communicates with members through a regular newsletter. The Course Manager feeds into this with information about the course and how it is now being managed to improve understanding of what the Club are trying to achieve. This newsletter circulated by email reaches members across the globe. The Course Manager also submits both a verbal and written report to the Green Committee monthly. This gives an opportunity to inform and educate Club members about practices now in place.
Demonstrating the direct relationship between environmental best practice and year round high quality playing surfaces A careful measured approach to irrigation, fertiliser and disturbance practices will favour the poverty loving grasses that thrive in a well managed links environment. It is well proven that environmental best practice sits well with optimum year round playing quality on a British links course.

Conservation & Enhancement

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve landscape character:

Activity Description
Allowing seasonal variation of course coloration and texture St Anne's Old Links takes advantage of the changing nature of a duneland links site to provide a golf course that looks and plays quite differently at different times of year. This is one of the joys of links golf and is one of the reasons it is so popular, especially with overseas visitors.
Appropriately matching mowing lines to contours Mowing lines follow natural contouring wherever possible to improve the flow and feel of the holes.
Discreet on-course signage and furniture Signage where required is natural and in keeping with the course and landscape.
Conservation of specimen trees No specimen trees on site
Screening and softening unsightly man-made features The irrigation tank is set within mounded vegetation. The machinery sheds are currently screened from the course by sycamore trees. These are not in keeping with the course and in time these will be replaced with more appropriate natural indigenous planting .

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the landscape ecology of the golf course:

Activity Description
Minimizing the amount of amenity grass Although the golf course lies within a very compact area of 37 Hectares it is nonetheless well laid out and does support quite considerable tracts of separating rough.Minimising the size of managed amenity grassland has both ecological and financial benefits.
Increasing the size of habitat patches This is something that the new Course Manager is looking to develop. At present there are two key areas within the course boundary; one area adjacent to the 5th Green 6th Tee and the other is the bank of the 16th Green.
Connection of internal habitat patches This is more difficult due to the relatively small site however this is an area that the Greenkeepers are keen to improve.
Connection of patches with external habitats St Annes Old Links occupies a site which has good continuous links with the
land to the north and west. The site does form an important remnant of the once extensive sand dune system running along much of this coast line.
Creation of habitat corridors This is being worked on and improvements are planned for the 2016 growing season.
Avoidance of habitat fragmentation New maintenance practices are being put into place and avoidance of habitat fragmentation will be included in the overall plans for course development.
Improving and diversifying habitat edges As with the above comments improving ecological habitats is an area of course management that the Club are keen to address in the next few years.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the quality of habitats on the golf course:

Activity Description
Creation of botanically rich rough grassland Two reports written by Bob Taylor, STRI provide detailed recommendations for the site which will form the basis of future work here. This is to include appropriate grassland/scrub removal, overseeding, mowing , weed and management practices to further improve botanical composition of the rough grassland areas.
Ecologically informed management of scrub vegetation Bob Taylors reports are to be used as the basis for future work on scrub vegetation, balancing the needs of the site as a golf course for golfers with the wider benefits of protecting this valuable grassland dune system.
Promoting species and structurally diverse woodlands Not applicable to this site.
Establishment of littoral shelves and marginal vegetation in wetland areas There are five ponds on the site. Future plans will include work to improve the ecological benefits of these areas further. The introduction of littoral shelves and marginal vegetation will be adopted into these plans.
Maintenance of an appropriate balance of open water and aquatic vegetation Direction on how to better manage the water features has been included in previous Ecological reports on the course. There is a need to include hand work to manage vegetation and ensure sufficient open water is maintained.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve and enhance biodiversity on the golf course:

Activity Description
Provision of nesting and nectar for pollinators The Club are keen to try and introduce Operation Pollinator to the site mindful of the fact that this is quite a small piece of land.
Installation of nest boxes There are no nest boxes and no plans to introduce any at present.
Provision of feeding tables There are no feeding tables and no plans to introduce any at present.
Control / management of alien species Ragwort and Giant Hogweed are controlled through appropriate management practices.
Provision of hibernation areas There are no hibernation areas at present except for those that may have occurred naturally. This is a project for the future and may well be adopted when the sycamore trees shielding the machinery sheds are replaced.
Creation of micro-habitats (eg log and stone piles) No micro-habitats have been intentionally developed. This has not been part of the management programme in recent years. It is however back on the agenda as it is recognised as being an important and valuable part of managing the course.


St Anne's Old Links Clubhouse and Golf Course adopt a range of measures to manage water use and ensure a sensible, balanced and sustainable approach to water usage levels by the facility.

The golf course is managed in a proactive and effective way to reduce the requirement for water application and ensure that when water is applied maximum benefit is gained.

There are more difficulties in reducing water usage in such an old Clubhouse but whenever improvement works or renovations are planned there is a strong awareness that sustainable water use is an important element of any project or investment.

Sources & Consumption

No water audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

The water used at this golf facility is drawn from the following sources:

2016 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,076,000 Litres
Golf Course Public / Potable 100% 4,037,000 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 35,000 Litres
2015 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,024,000 Litres
Golf Course Public / Potable 100% 5,487,000 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 25,000 Litres
Other Public / Potable 0 Litres
2014 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 1,006,000 Litres
Golf Course Public / Potable 100% 4,594,000 Litres

Irrigation & Efficiency

The following areas receive irrigation at this golf facility:

Greens 2-3 days per week
Tees 2-3 days per week
Fairways Never
Semi-Rough Never
Rough Never
Other 2-3 days per week

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:
Fully computer controlled

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

Serviced every 1 years

Upgraded every 1 years

Re-calibrated and checked for efficient application every 2 years

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to maximize irrigation efficiency:

Activity Description
Selection of grass species With a new Course Manager in charge there are plans to introduce overseeding programmes through greens, tees and fairways. The intention is to improve the sward quality, increasing the proportion of more drought tolerant grasses - primarily fescue and bent cultivars. This is to improve presentation and playing quality whilst having the added benefit of potentially reducing irrigation inputs.
Soil decompaction and thatch management Aeration strategies across the whole course are to be intensified to improve soil structure, improve rates of surface water infiltration and overall growing conditions as well as being a part of thatch control measures. Verti-draining, solid and hollow tining and Air2G2 compressed air techniques to be employed as appropriate.
Timing and dose of water application The requirement for watering and how much to apply comes from a combination of visual turf condition, prevailing weather conditions and objective Evapotranspiration rates.
Analysis of soil moisture At present soil moisture is assessed through visual observations of turf surface and soil profile conditions. This is to change for the 2016 season with planned investment in an accurate soil moisture meter to provide accurate additional information.
Incorporation of evapotranspiration rates and weather data This weather information is available for the site and is used in combination with that detailed above.
Use of wetting agents There is a robust preventative wetting agent programme in place across the course. The budget provides wetting agent applications from tee to green to maximise the benefit of rainfall and if necessary irrigation water.
Overall reduction in irrigated area Automatic irrigation is only available to greens, tees and a few additional key areas consequently there is no intention to reduce the size of the irrigated areas in the short term.
Optimizing system pressure The system is set at an optimum 8.0 bar.
Adoption of cutting edge nozzle technology There are annual upgrades of problematic sprinkler heads and these changes take advantage of new technology. Recently sprinkler heads on tees were upgraded to facilitate improved irrigation coverage.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve / reduce / minimize water consumption:

Activity Description
Low-flow urinals and toilets Installed sensaflow urinals May 2013 to reduce water usage.
Use of water efficient appliances In 2010 percussion taps and percussion showers were installed in the men's changing rooms to reduce water use.
Use of efficient shower technology In 2010 percussion taps and percussion showers were installed in the men's changing rooms to reduce water use.
Repairing leaks There are two handymen who are employed by the Club who are responsible for repairing straightforward leaks. For more difficult problems the Club use a plumber who is also a Club member. The Club would outsource work to a local company if that became necessary.
Water awareness signage There is no signage currently in place.


St Anne's Old Links Golf Club adopt new technology to make greater energy efficiency savings across the Clubhouse and Greenkeeping elements of the business at the point of upgrading or improving buildings and machinery.

The Clubhouse dates from 1911 and is 106 years old. Consequently it takes time and money to replace exisiting infrastructure with modern technology to reduce energy use. However recent investment has included installation of solar panels and upgrades to the heating system and air conditioning system. Loft insulation in 2013 resulted in a reduction in energy required to heat the Clubhouse and this is evident in reduced energy bills. At present the majority of energy used across the Clubhouse is non-renewable grid electricity and mains natural gas.

The greenkeeping course machinery fleet includes five John Deere E Hybrid greens mowers, two electric Gator Utility Vehicles and three electric golf buggies. As machines are replaced and upgraded on a 4 year rolling programme so cutting edge technology is able to be adopted swiftly into the fleet.

Sources & Consumption

No energy surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

Consumption of renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2016 2015 2014
Biogas (Litres) 0 0 0
Biomass 0 0 0
First Generation Bio-Fuels (Litres) 0 0 0
Hydrogen (Litres) 0 0 0
On-site Hydro (kWh) 0 0 0
On-site Solar (kWh) 0 0 0
On-site Wind (kWh) 0 0 0
Renewable Grid Electricity (kWh) 0 0 0
Second Generation Bio-Fuels (Litres) 0 0 0
Wood from sustainable sources 0 0 0

Consumption of non-renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2016 2015 2014
Coal 0 0 0
Diesel (Litres) 6720 6650 8050
Heating Oil (Litres) 0 0 0
Hydraulic Oil (Litres) 0 0 0
LPG (Litres) 0 0 0
Natural Gas (Litres) 62935 0 0
Non-renewable Grid (kWh) 91260 0 0
Petrol (Litres) 1350 800 568
Propane / Butane (Litres) 0 0 0
Wood from unsustainable sources 0 0 0

Energy Efficiency

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to diversify energy and fuel supply:

Activity Description
Adoption of green tariff grid supply No green tariff grid supply is used at present.
Installation of small scale wind turbine There are no wind turbines installed on site.
Installation of photovoltaic and / or solar panels There was a 16 panel 4kWp Solar PV system installed in 2011.
Use of geothermal and / or ground sources There are no geothermal and/or ground source pumps installed.
Use of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) No LPG is used at present.
Use of biodiesel and /or ethanol No biodiesel and /or ethanol is used at present.
Use of electric hybrid vehicles The Club own five John Deere E Hybrid greens mowers, two electirc Gator Utility Vehicles and three electric golf buggies.
Use of recycled oils No recycled oils are used at present.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to reduce energy consumption:

Activity Description
Investment in low-energy heating and air conditioning systems In December 2014 the Clubhouse air conditioning system was upgraded and in December 2016 the central heating system was upgraded.
Optimizing thermostat levels for heating and refrigeration The new Clubhouse central heating system has programmable thermostats to allow rooms to be heated when in use.
Enhancement of natural ventilation opportunities This has not been looked at so far but would be considered in future when any Clubhouse improvements or renovation work is planned.
Upgrading of building insulation Loft insulation was completed in summer 2013.
Use of natural light (e.g. sunlight pipes) None installed at present.
Installation of low-energy lighting LED light bulbs are used in all of the upstairs rooms and when replacing bulbs LED lights are used wherever possible.
Use of motion sensor lighting Motion sensor lighting is installed in the Clubhouse, greenkeeping staffroom, greenkeeping machine sheds. There is motion sensor heaters installed in the greenkeeping workshop.
Transition to energy efficient appliances There has been no recent replacement of appliances however a new washing machine is being considered for 2017 and energy efficiency will be an element of the decision making process.
Use of timers with appliances, heating and lighting There is a central heating timer in the Course Manager's office. Clubhouse heating is all on timers and turned off at the end of each day.
Educating staff and customers This is not a priority at the current time.

Vehicles & Transport

The maintenance fleet at this golf facility uses the following fuel sources:

Ride-on Mowers Walking Mowers Utility Vehicles
Petrol 0% 100% 0%
Diesel 64% 0% 60%
LPG 0% 0% 0%
Grid Electric 0% 0% 40%
Micro Renewable 0% 0% 0%
Hybrid 36% 0% 0%
Hydrogen 0% 0% 0%

Additional vehicles operated by this golf facility use the following fuel sources:

Golf Carts Cars Buses
Petrol 0% 0% 0%
Diesel 0% 0% 0%
LPG 0% 0% 0%
Grid Electric 100% 0% 0%
Micro Renewable 0% 0% 0%
Hybrid 0% 0% 0%
Hydrogen 0% 0% 0%

This golf facility has established the following schemes to encourage reductions in staff and customer transport emissions:

Activity Description
Car sharing incentives There are no car sharing incentives yet in place.
Group transportation (e.g. buses) There are no group transportation incentives yet in place.
Secure cycle parking There is secure cycle parking and this is well used. Five members of staff ride bicycles regularly whilst an additional two to three employees cycle though less frequently.
Promoting public transport routes and timetables Current Greenstaff hours do not dovetail particularly well with existing public transport routes and timetables although three members of the Clubhouse staff use public transport regularly.
Increasing equipment storage (e.g. lockers) All staff have secure lockers available and there is no need to increase the amount of storage available at the current time.
Staff showers Showers are available for use by all staff in existing Club changing rooms.
Tax breaking incentives for cycling These are not adopted at present.
Promotion of walk to work campaigns This happens naturally due to the proximity of employees homes to the Club. A walk to work campaign is therefore not considered necessary at present.

Supply Chain

St Anne's Old Links Golf Club have very local supply chains employing local companies to supply products and services.

Local suppliers are used on both sides of the business to reduce the length of the supply chain, to help provide greater certainty and predictability of delivery times and ensure a swift response to demand.

The Club's franchise caterer pride themselves on sourcing food locally.

No waste audits have been completed by the Club but the DEFRA guidance on applying waste hierarchy document is being employed to help identify areas for improvement.

Traditional sound links greenkeeping is based on minimising turf inputs to ensure the desirable grasses are promoted and retained in a manner that is sustainable with existing staffing and resourcing budgets. This approach to greenkeeping is adopted by the Course Manager to enable him to improve and manage the links environment and provide excellent turf surfaces year round.

Purchasing Policies

This golf facility undertakes the following ethical / environmental purchasing activities:

Activity Description
Measures to avoid waste at source The purchasing policy at St Anne's Old Links is based on a just-in-time philosophy to buy sufficient quantities of products to service immediate requirements and to avoid bulk buying and reduce the potential for building up unnecessary stock.
Use of local suppliers Local suppliers are used wherever possible on both sides of the business to help build community ties as well as reducing the length of the supply chain. This results in greater certainty and predictability of delivery times and ensure a swift response to demand as well as reduced travel costs and time.
Use of local products On the Course local suppliers are used. Quarried sands are sourced from Alsager, Crewe, turf comes from Andrew Church, Ormskirk and turf for revetting bunkers comes from Morecambe. Indigenous materials from the site are also recycled including turf, sand and cores. The Clubhouse caterer is Dahila's Kitchen and they aim to source all of their food locally as seen at
Selection of certified products Certified products are used. This includes imported aggregates from Whitemoss Eco Supplies.
Use of recycled and recyclable products There are schemes already in place for the recyling of plastics, cardboard, paper, aluminium drinks cans and all glass from the Clubhouse and Greenkeeping Facilities. The scheme is being extended to allow for recycling of golfers plastic drinks bottles and cans collected from golf course bins. Recycled plastic wood posts are now used on the course for signage etc.
Selection of products that feature minimal packaging This is not something that has been considered to date as the Club purchase products that are required based on efficacy, quality and value for money.
Use of accredited suppliers (e.g. ISO 14001) At present staff deal directly with suppliers and purchase supplies based on performance and budget rather than on accreditation.

Supply Chain

An overview of the supplier network at this golf facility:

Total number of suppliers Total number of suppliers within 10 Miles Total number of suppliers within 100 Miles
Food & Beverage 2 2
Catering Supplies 2 2
Trade & Contractors 4 2
Maintenance Equipment 4 2
Course Supplies 12 10

Turfgrass Inputs

This golf facility undertakes the following IPM activities:

Activity Description
Encouraging drought and disease tolerant grasses Manage organic matter pro actively with an ongoing sand top dressing alongside an effective aeration programme. Promote a free draining environment. Support with an appropriate over-seeding programme introducing good cultivars better suited to drought and disease tolerance.
Managing stress and wear The highest stress and wear areas are the natural turf pathways across the course. Managing these areas includes effective well-timed aeration inputs, localised irrigation when necessary and clever use of roping off at the right times of year.
Enhancement of soil structure Soil structure is enhanced through various aeration techniques and in particular use of the Verti-drain and use of the compressed air Air2G2. This approach is dovetailed with top dressing using a suitable material. in very droughty areas this may include organic amendments whilst in poorer draining turf sand may be the preferred product to use.
Optimization of the growing environment This is a long term approach with a new Course Manager recently put in place to direct progress. There is the opportunity to amend the maintenance programme, in particular the aeration programme and to make steady progress. The aim is to dovetail traditional greenkeeping with modern techniques and products as these become available and supported with proven results.
Managing thatch levels This primarily affects greens. Thatch levels are already reasonably well controlled however the intention is to increase frequency of light top dressings and increase frequency of appropriate aeration to reduce these levels further still over next few years.
Managing surface moisture Aeration treatments and wetting agents are primarily used to manage moisture. This is complemented with visual assessments of turf condition, colour, density and leaf vigour however the intention is to purchase an accurate moisture meter for use from spring 2016 onwards.
Establishing thresholds for pests and disease The time of year, prevailing weather conditions and grass growth rates are all considered when establishing real time thresholds for pest and disease activity. Greens are clearly the areas of priority and particular care is paid to these areas.
Scouting for pests and diseases All greenstaff are trained to be proactive in watching and reporting on pests and disease activity across the course. In addition when certain weather conditions are a potential trigger for certain pests and diseases the need to be extra vigilant is communicated all the greenstaff.
Monitoring / improvement of plant health There is ongoing visual monitoring of plant health across the course as a matter of course. There are also plans to carry out more regular detailed soil chemical analysis and organic matter content analysis to back up visual observations.

Fertilizer use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2016 2015 2014
Fairways - K - Inorganic 0 66 0
Fairways - K - Organic 0 0 0
Fairways - N - Inorganic 20.0 146 0
Fairways - N - Organic 0 0 0
Fairways - P - Inorganic 0 48 0
Fairways - P - Organic 0 0 0
Greens - K - Inorganic 55.2 49.3 0
Greens - K - Organic 0 0 0
Greens - N - Inorganic 96.1 77.2 0
Greens - N - Organic 0 0 0
Greens - P - Inorganic 9.6 0 0
Greens - P - Organic 0 0 0
Rough - K - Inorganic 38.5 0 0
Rough - K - Organic 0 0 0
Rough - N - Inorganic 73.5 0 0
Rough - N - Organic 0 0 0
Rough - P - Inorganic 28.0 0 0
Rough - P - Organic 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - K - Inorganic 0 27.5 0
Semi-Rough - K - Organic 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - N - Inorganic 0 58.5 0
Semi-Rough - N - Organic 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - P - Inorganic 0 20 0
Semi-Rough - P - Organic 0 0 0
Tees - K - Inorganic 38.0 66.5 0
Tees - K - Organic 0 0 0
Tees - N - Inorganic 110.8 104.5 0
Tees - N - Organic 0 0 0
Tees - P - Inorganic 7.5 12.5 0
Tees - P - Organic 0 0 0

Pesticide use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2016 2015 2014
Fairways - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Fairways - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Fairways - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 11.70 7.80 0
Fairways - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1 0
Fairways - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0 14.46 4.34
Fairways - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0 1 1
Greens - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 9.22 6.41 2.87
Greens - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 5 4 3
Greens - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0.052 0.026 2.94
Greens - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1 2
Greens - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 6 5.45 3.18
Greens - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1 2 3
Rough - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Rough - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0 1.30 27.17
Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 0 1 12
Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 1.92 1.30 20.21
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 2 1 1
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0 0 6.27
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0 0 2
Tees - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0 0 0
Tees - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0 0 0
Tees - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0.449 0.631 1.48
Tees - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 2 2 1
Tees - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 4 6.17 0
Tees - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1 2 0

This golf facility undertakes the following actions to optimize pesticide use:

Activity Description
Selection on the least toxic and lest persistent products This information is not easily available from suppliers, making it impossible to make informed decisions. Transparency within the industry would allow this to be implemented.
Selection of appropriate products for specific pests and diseases Cultural control is always the preferred option. When it becomes necessary to select products then the selection is based upon best efficacy and targeting the correct pest or disease.
Spot-treatment with handheld sprayers and wipers This is only adopted on weeds on pathways and in greens/fine turf situations.
Calibration and testing of sprayers Manual re-calibration of the spraying equipment is completed once a year. All spraying equipment is calibrated every time it is used and particularly for new products as required. This information is recorded.
Use of shrouded sprayer and anti-drip nozzles The Club do not own a shrouded sprayer. Syngenta XC low foliar nozzles are employed as well as air induction nozzles - brown and blue.
Non-chemical weed control Hand weeding is completed on tee steps and bunker banks. Ragwort is hand pulled from rough areas. Giant Hogweed is also controlled through a combination of hand removal followed by chemical injection.
Use of organic and biological products to improve plant health and resistance. Farmsea seaweed and Kelpac are now used regularly. Biolift Tea Brew was employed for a number of years with little visible benefit so application has now stopped.

Waste Management

No waste audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility manages key waste streams as follows:

Re-use Recycle Landfill Incinerate
Glass false true false false
Plastic false true false false
Aluminium false true false false
Metal false true false false
Paper & Cardboard false true false false
Grass Clippings true false false false
Cores & Turf true false false false
Sand true false false false
Wood / Timber true false false false

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to continue the lifecycle of materials and resources:

Activity Description
Separation of recyclable materials No split is made between these. There is a recycling programme in place but the recyclable materials are not separated out on site.
Establishment of recycling centers This is certainly an area that the Club are keen to develop moving forwards.
Returning clipping to fairways and walkways Clippings are already returned to fairways and walkways.
Education of staff and customer education This is an area that the Club are keen to start developing in coming months.
Waste awareness campaigns There has been no waste awareness campaign run to date but it is something that can be developed in line with the above campaigns.

Pollution Control

All operational activities relating both to the Clubhouse and Greenkeeping of St Anne's Old Links Golf Club are carried out to ensure that the possibility for pollution is minimised at all times. This is an area that the Club see as being a critical responsibility.

All appropriate legislation is implemented and staff receive the training required to manage all aspects of pollution control in a proactive manner.

The Club have a recyclable wash-down pad installed and this is emptied regularly. All matters relating to the use of pesticides, petrol, diesel and fertilisers comply with current regulations and good practice. Staff are well trained and ongoing training is regarded as important.

All hazardous materials both in the Clubhouse and Greenkeeping complex are stored securely and there are controlled waste collection service agreements in place.

Water Analysis

This golf facility monitors water quality with the following frequency:

Chemical Biological Visual
Inflow Never Never Never
On-Site Never Never Daily
Outflow Never Never Never

Waste Water

Waste water from this golf facility is managed as follows:

Discharges to Formal Discharge Agreement
Golf Course Mains Sewer N/A
Clubhouse Mains Sewer N/A
Maintenance Facility Mains Sewer N/A
Wash Pad Closed Loop Recycling N/A

Hazardous Materials

Hazardous materials at this golf facility are handled and disposed of as follows:

Secure Storage Registered Uplift
Detergents true true
Cooking Oils true true
Lubricants true true
Pesticide Containers true true
Fertiliser Bags true true
Oil Filters true true
Batteries true true

Pollution Prevention

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution from its maintenance facility and clubhouse:

Activity Description
Storage of equipment and hazardous products on covered, sealed impervious areas Diesel, petrol and pesticides are stored at the Greenkeeping Maintenance Complex within dedicated, controlled bunded areas in accordance with all appropriate legislation.
Maintenance of equipment on covered, sealed impervious areas Maintenance of Greenkeeping equipment is carried out in a dedicated Workshop within a controlled area.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers in covered areas N/A
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers over impervious surfaces Mixing of pesticides and fertilisers is completed adjacent to the Greenkeeping Maintenance buildings within a designated, contained outside area.
Installation of above-ground fuel tanks Diesel is stored in a specific no-spill tank in a bunded above ground area. Petrol is stored in a purpose built above ground bunded no-spill area.
Installation of sufficient secondary containment for fuel Fuel tanks are bunded as outlined above to contain any possible fuel leaks or spills.
Provision of containment booms and absorbent materials Sand and specific spill kits are available in the Workshop and Greenkeeping Facility as required.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution on its golf course:

Activity Description
Eliminating leachate and run-off through careful timing of turf inputs Pesticide spraying is only carried out when required and when weather conditions are still even if this means delaying product application. The management philosophy to favour the finer grasses means that fertiliser applications are only made to key areas at low levels when the grass is growing and applied nutrients are taken up swiftly through the leaf and root systems.
Establishment of vegetative buffer strips around water bodies There are five water bodies on the course and these all have existing vegetative buffer strip areas surrounding them in accordance with best practice.
Establishment of emergency spillage response plan The Club already have policies in place in respect of accidental exposure to specific substances for example diesel. The development of an emergency spillage response plan is now under review with the intention to add this to existing policies and procedures.
Controlling erosion and sediment discharge N/A
Establishment of pesticide-free zones There are certain designated areas on the course within which no pesticide spraying of any type is carried out.
Use of swales and bio-filters to slow and treat surface run-off N/A


St Anne's Old Links provides a significant contribution to the local community by attracting a large number of golfing visitors from across the UK and beyond as well as employing a high number of local employees to work in the Clubhouse and on the Course.

The Club have hosted a number of prestigious events in the recent past including English Women's Open Amateur Strokeplay Championship in 2015, Ladies' Golf Union Girl’s Home International Matches in 2013 and Local Final Qualifying for The Open in 2012.

The Club are to host a number of events for The R&A over the next few years including the Boys' Home Internationals in August 2017 and Final Open Qualifying from 2018 until 2021. This will see participating golfers, spectators and officials visiting and staying in the area.

The Club provide effective training schemes on various areas such as recycling, water management, pesticide use, food hygiene, first aid and similar, raising the skill sets of employees who all live within the local community.

Employment & Education

Typical staffing levels at this golf facility are:

Full Time Part Time Seasonal
Club Management 2 8
Course Management 7 2
Golf Coaching 1

The sustainability working group at this golf facility is comprised of:

  • General Manager
  • Course Manager
  • Committee Members
  • Technical Specialist

Employees at this golf facility receive the following formal and informal environmental education:

Activity Description
Storage, application and disposal of pesticides Five members of the greenstaff have been formally trained in pesticide use through the NPTC and hold a minimum of PA1, PA6. Some staff also hold PA2.
Efficient water management On the greenstaff efficient water management is taught through job experience and more formal training as it is critical to the type of course, grasses and playing experience that the Club look to develop and promote. Clubhouse staff are informally trained as a part of good working practices.
Management of accidents and emergencies First Aid Training is taken seriously to ensure that there are sufficient greenstaff and clubhouse staff holding the correct First Aid Training Certificates as indicated by Health & Safety at Work requirements. There are also additional standard protocols in place to ensure that the Club comply with all aspects of Health & Safety legislation including those relating to recording and reporting of accidents in the workplace.
Management of habitats and vegetation At present there is no education or training of staff in the management of the habitats on the Course. This is something that the new Course Manager is keen to address and he will look to develop skills and expertise in this area to more effectively manage the habitats in this links environment.
Waste minimization, separation and recycling This is an informal training process.
Health & Safety The Club acknowledges the importance of Health & Safety training. Training Courses are run for the staff on a rolling programme with recent courses including fire training, risk assessments, COSHH and manual handling.
Energy Saving The Club raise awareness of the importance of energy saving through informal education and the demonstration of good practice as a matter of course.
Understanding of landscape and cultural heritage At present there is little training in respect of the Club's cultural heritage and environment. However with a change in Course Manager this is to be addressed. There are plans to develop an understanding of the indigenous ecology and promote this
Environmental management planning This has not been a priority over the past few years but is something that could be developed in time.

Community Relations

This golf facility engages with local community groups in the following manner:

Activity Description
Neighbours The course has neighbours along the boundaries including an old people's rest home. The Club liaise with the rest home regularly and inform them of specific work planned adjacent to the buildings. Day to day the Greenstaff minimise early morning noise in the area.
Local Government The Club does not have contact with Local Government other than golf events organised by the National and Local Government Officers' Association (NALGO).
Local Environmental Groups The Club have ongoing links with Lancashire Wildlife, RSPB Ribble Discovery Centre and Natural England.
Local Community Groups Not at present.
Media The Club use Twitter and Facebook as social media outlets to engage not only with members but with local golfers, the local community, those in the greenkeeping industry and those interested in the Club as a whole.
Local Businesses The Club have links with a number of local businesses including BMW Blackpool and an affiliation with Nike.
Schools & Colleges The Club have a link with the local greenkeeping college Myerscough College, indeed students are planning a visit and course walk later this year.

Land Use & Cultural Heritage

This golf facility provides access and diversified land use for others through:

Activity Description
Maintenance of existing public paths There are no existing public rights of way across the Course.
Creation of new paths and nature trails There are no plans to introduce any new paths or trails across the Course.
Installation of effective and welcoming signage There is clear and welcoming signage for golfers, be they members or visitors to the Club at the Club entrance.
Providing opportunities for other recreation (e.g. fishing) There are no opportunities for other recreation on the site.
Partnership conservation and access projects (e.g. community woodland) There are no current partnership conservation or access projects however there are plans to try and develop an arrangement with the local RSPB site.
Continuation of traditional agricultural activities This is not relevant to the site, being a natural duneland system and links environement however the Club take seriously the importance of managing and protecting this piece of important habitat.

No archaeological or heritage surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding the conservation of cultural heritage.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to conserve cultural heritage features:

Activity Description
Buildings (Listed Buildings / Ancient Monuments etc) There are no Listed Buildings on the site.
Archaeology (Settlements / Agricultural System etc) There are no archaeological features on this site.
Historic Features (Hedgerows / Dykes / Moats / Cairns etc) There are no historic features on this site.


This golf facility undertakes the following internal environmental communications:

Activity Description
Provision of newsletters, notice boards & poster display The Club maintain information noticeboards in the hall, locker rooms and on the 1st Tee. There is a weekly Bulletin circulated to all members to which all departments contribute.
Members evenings and course walks Yes there are members evenings organised including Question & Answer sessions.
Course guides / brochures There is the published Pinseeker Course Guide.
Interpretation panels & course signage There are no interpretation panels or course signage except in relation to the playing of the Course.
Establishment of a nature trail There is no plan to establish a nature trail.

This golf facility undertakes the following social and environmental advocacy activities:

Activity Description
Website, press releases & brochures There is an up to date, modern website online including a members area for disseminating information on club matters and competitions. Press releases are made when required, for example in relation to hosting the WOMEN’S OPEN AMATEUR STROKE PLAY CHAMPIONSHIP in 2015.
Course walks / open days These are organised when required with students from Myerscough College.
Attending community meetings Club representatives do not attend community meetings.
Joint practical projects with community The Club does not run projects with the community.