Domburgsche Golfclub

GEO Certified® 12/2013 GEO Re-Certified 11/2016
Telephone: +31 (0)118586106

On August 24th I visited the Domburgsche Golfclub in order to perform the recertification audit. The golfclub was first certified in 2010 for their efforts in sustainable golf course management, in 2013 they were recertified.
Now, in 2016, the golf club wishes to prolong the GEO certificate and has worked towards this new audit with enthusiasm. The golf club was founded 102 years ago and is thus one of the nine oldest golf clubs in the Netherlands.
The golf course is situated on the shores of Zeeland and offers a beautiful view over the Nor…

Guido Hamelink, GEOSA, Accredited Verifier Read verifier report.

GEO Certified® Report

GEO Certified® is the symbol of great golf environments worldwide – designating that a golf facility has met a credible standard in the areas of nature, water, energy, supply chain, pollution control, and community, and is committed to continually improve. GEO Certified® is widely trusted and endorsed by a growing number of organizations and people, both inside and outside golf.

Click below to read about the activities undertaken by this golf facility to operate sustainably.

Facility details

Golf Courses
Golfbaan (9 holes, 5401 metres, year opened 1914)
1 Clubhouse(s)
1 Maintenance Facility/Facilities
1 Pro Shop


The Domburgsche Golf Club is situated in the unique and beautiful dune landscape located on the south side of Domburg, in the province of Zeeland. The location of this 9-holes golf course is unique because of its proximity to the North Sea and inherently contains a high nature value. Field surveys of the territory were conducted of plants, birds, mammals, amphibians, butterflies, dragonflies and damselflies, mushrooms and fish. The terrain can be divided into four types of vegetation: dry dune area, moist dune area, historic vegetation, open water and pools. An extensive environmental management plan has been compiled based on these vegetations and their maintenance. The goal is to maintain as well as to increase the natural diversity of the terrain whenever possible. The inventories are carried out by a GEO commission and take place annually or every two years. Noticeable are the undulations created by about 100 craters from the Second World War which recall a tragic past, but also provide an important microclimate for the flora and fauna.

De Domburgsche Golfclub is een links course, die gelegen is in het Zeeuwse Domburg, midden in een uniek duingebied. Door de bijzondere ligging pal aan de kust zijn er in dit gebied ook uitzonderlijke natuurwaarden te vinden. Hiernaar is uitgebreid onderzoek gedaan. In de rapportage is een indeling gemaakt naar de verschillende vegetatietypen en zijn o.a. de inventarisaties van de verschillende dier- en plantengroepen opgenomen. Het terrein kan worden ingedeeld in vier verschillende vegetatietypen, te weten: Droog duingebied, Vochtig duingebied, Oevervegetatie en Openwater en poel. Er is een uitgebreid beleid opgesteld voor het beheer, met als basis deze vegetatietypen en het bijbehorend beheer. Daarin wordt gestreefd naar verschraling en het in standhouden en waar mogelijk vergroten van de diversiteit. De inventarisaties worden door de GEO commissie verzorgd en waar nodig aangevuld met kennis van gespecialiseerde instanties. De inventarisaties vinden jaarlijks of tweejaarlijks plaats. Wat verder opvalt aan het terrein is de aanwezigheid van ca.100 bomkraters uit de Tweede Wereldoorlog die voor een onnatuurlijke ondulatie zorgen.

Consultation & Surveys

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding landscape heritage conservation:

The following landscape assessments and surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
zichtlijn tussen hole 9 en 1 Alan Rijks 2009/01/18
veiligheid vergroten hole 5 Alan Rijks + Van Empelen en Van Aalderen 2010/02/18
1ste tee vergroten Alan Rijks 2013/05/01
18e tee rood verplaatst om karakteristiek eikenbosje te sparen Alan Rijks 2013/05/01
folie uit vijver hole 8 verwijderd en omgeving natuurvriendelijk gemaakt Alan Rijks 2015/10/01 Download
2/3 van plan uitgevoerd t.b.v. ontsteilen; paden verlegd en landschappelijk ingepast advies Alan Rijks 2015/11/17
bunker hole 1 gedicht en grond in landschap verwerkt eigen beheer, op advies van baanarchitect Alan Rijks 2016/02/10
Renovatie beregeningsinstallatie, omgeving pomphuis en opslagtanks Stuart Tate - YMil UK 2014/07/16

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding ecosystem protection and enhancement:

  • Stichting Duinbehoud, Hr. Richard Struijk
  • Staatsbosbeheer, Hr. Karel Leeftink, Ralf Joosse
  • Stichting Landschapsbeheer Zeeland, Mw. Karin Mol
  • KNNV, flora, Dr. Anton van Haperen, J. Clarijs, H. Remijn
  • Jurian Brasser, valkenier
  • NLAdviseurs, Guido Hamelink
  • Buiting Advies, Ronald Buiting
  • Kaljouw Landschapsbeheer, schaapherder
  • Vlinderwerkgroep Walcheren, P. Geene

The following ecological surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Mammel survey eigen beheer 2010/08/18
Amphibian survey eigen beheer 2010/08/18
Butterfly survey, yearly Hr. IJssel de Schepper + Vlinderstichting, Peter Geene 2016/06/01 Download
Dragonfly survey, 2016 4 times Peter Geene 2010/08/18 Download
Fish survey doorlopend 2010/08/18
Birdwatching each year Floor Arts Download
Flora inventarisaties, 6x per jaar o.a. Dr. Anton van Haperen (KNNV) Download
Mushroom survey , up till 2015 Henk Remijn (KNNV), Ria Verhagen, Inge Boomsma Download
Butterfly survey 2013 all members, during season, (Inge Boomsma) Download
Macro Night Butterfly survey 2012, season Ralf Joosse, Vlinderstichting Download

Rare, protected and notable species occurring at this golf facility:

Local name Scientific name
Paapje Saxicola rubetra
Tapuit Oenanthe oenanthe ssp. oenanthe
Groene specht Picus viridis ssp. viridis
Koekoek Cuculus canorus ssp. canorus
Nachtegaal Luscinia megarhynchos ssp. megarhynchos
Patrijs Perdix perdix ssp. perdix
Ransuil Asio otus ssp. otus
Slobeend Anas clypeata
Boerenzwaluw Hirundo rustica ssp. rustica
Gele kwikstaart Motacilla flava ssp. flava
Graspieper Anthus pratensis ssp. pratensis
Huismus Passer domesticus ssp. domesticus
Huiszwaluw Delichon urbica ssp. urbica
Kneu Carduelis cannabina ssp. cannabina
Veldleeuwerik Alauda arvensis ssp. arvensis
Moerasparelmoer vlinder Euphydryas aurinia
Groot geaderd witje Aporia crataegi
Heideblauwtje Plebejus argus
Blauwe zeedistel Eringium maritimum
Bokkenorchis Himantoglossum hircinum
Rugstreeppad Epidalea calamita

This golf facility regularly monitors the following species as indicators of environmental quality:

Local name Scientific name
Scholekster Haematopus ostralegus
Tapuit Oenanthe oenanthe ssp. Oenanthe
Heideblauwtje Plebejus argus
Bruin zandoogje en kleine parelmoervlinder Maniola jurtina en Issoria lathonia

Habitats & Designations

This golf facility features the following landscape designations:

Description Designating Authority
Ecological Reserve Network National Government

Area of habitats / vegetation types, and associated designations at this golf facility:

Title Estimated Area (Hectares) Designation
Rough 'ecological' grassland 15 None
Scrub Vegetation 2 None
Open Water Features 0.3 None


Size and estimated species composition of amenity turfgrass maintained at this golf facility.

Estimated Area (Hectares) Turfgrass Species Sward Composition (%)
Greens 0.5 Hectares Festuca rubra 33%
Agrostis tenuis / capillaris 33%
Tees 0.2 Hectares Poa pratensis 25%
Festuca rubra 50%
Fairways 5.0 Hectares Festuca rubra 50%
Poa pratensis 25%

These turfgrasses are optimal for the circumstances at this club because:
Finer grasses are used because of their great drought and salt tolerance.
The 33 to 25% missing is Poa annua.

This golf facility assesses mowing patterns every: 1 months

This golf facility consults the following individuals / organizations regarding its grassing plan:

  • Lumbricus, M. Evers
  • ProGrass,
  • NGF, Niels Dokkuma
  • Barenbrug, Jan van de Boom

This golf facility is making the following efforts to manage the playing quality expectations of customers:

Activity Description
Establishing clear internal policies for irrigation, fertilization, colour, cutting heights, overseeding etc De baancommissie volgt een door jarenlange opgedane ervaring onderhoudstraject, dat in 2016/2017 vastgelegd en door de ALV goedgekeurd moet worden.
Promoting the playing quality values of more naturalized turf, particularly fairways and semi-rough Member support is sought by communicating about both the maintenance issues and the reasoning behind the choices being made. Members also seek direct contact with green-keeping or the commission if concerned about a specific situation like dry areas on the course.
Promoting the financial benefits of presenting sustainable surfaces The choices for the design and maintenance of various elements are transparent and accessible to members. Regular publication via the website or club newsletter addresses issues that have given rise to concern. A request for intensified maintenance is often parried with the financial consequences.
Improving customer understanding around greens maintenance Golfers are informed through various means concerning maintenance activities on the course. Intensive maintenance is also listed on the website or mentioned by phone thereby successfully staving off any unpleasant surprises.
Demonstrating the direct relationship between environmental best practice and year round high quality playing surfaces Sustainable terrain management clearly stimulates to all stakeholders which maintenance measures have been taken and how they are related to the results of good, playable greens and to the limited amount of closures.

Conservation & Enhancement

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve landscape character:

Activity Description
Allowing seasonal variation of course coloration and texture Discolouration resulting from drought (to a certain yellow extent) and other factors are seen as an addition to the natural quality of the landscape and the quality of the game.
Appropriately matching mowing lines to contours The mowing lines of the fairways and semi-rough are well tuned in to the undulations and different elements of the terrain.
Protection and restoration of historic features Present historical elements are restored where possible. (bunker WOII en loopgraaf)
Discreet on-course signage and furniture The terrain furniture has been selected with care and is maintained accordingly.
Conservation of specimen trees Karakteristieke eiken- en meidoornbosjes in stand houden en beschermen.
Screening and softening unsightly man-made features Constructions that do not correlate to the landscape are being obscured through vegetation. (pomphuis, hekwerken, waterreservoirs beregeningsinstallatie)
Oorspronkelijke duinvegetatie in stand houden Door middel van begrazing met schapen, 2x per jaar

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the landscape ecology of the golf course:

Activity Description
Minimizing the amount of amenity grass The surface intensively mowed grass is kept to a minimum. By determining which elements fall outside the game and which are of importance to the character of the natural landscape, only some elements need to be extensively mowed.
Increasing the size of habitat patches Where possible, management is expanded or natural elements are constructed.
Connection of internal habitat patches The nature management plan is aimed at optimising the biodiversity. A part of this includes connecting plant squares, brushwood and water elements.
Connection of patches with external habitats A keen inventory of natural elements both on the course and in its neighbouring landscape allows for improved management and maintenance. For instance, equal goal setting of natural elements on and outside the course can take place.
Creation of habitat corridors The golf course is part of an ecological main structure. Its goals are known and interwoven with the nature policy of the golf course.
Avoidance of habitat fragmentation Those locations with a high nature value have been indicated in the nature management plan and are being duly protected and maintained.
Improving and diversifying habitat edges Edges of plant squares contain borders and casings.
Inpassen van nieuwe werken, buiten het speelgebied Vroeger werkten we de te veranderen gebieden af als zijnde graslandschap, tegenwoordig worden deze schraal afgewerkt en laten we ze natuurlijk ontwikkelen.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the quality of habitats on the golf course:

Activity Description
Creation of botanically rich rough grassland The natural diversity of vegetation is being improved by herding sheep twice a year, during a 2 weeks period. This project started in 2011 and has been enlarged yearly because of the positive results. Met als doel verschraling.
Ecologically informed management of scrub vegetation There is a multiannual management plan in place carried out on the basis of a cycle.
Establishment of littoral shelves and marginal vegetation in wetland areas Natural and gentle banks have been realised in different locations in order to stimulate the flora and fauna in water and its banks. Hole 8 landschappelijk ingepast, waterpartij met natuurvriendelijke oevers in 2015.
Maintenance of an appropriate balance of open water and aquatic vegetation The management of the banks and the cleaning of the ditches and water elements are carried out in phases. This allows for continuity of both thin and thick vegetation.
Naturalization of linear habitats A division has been made of intensive and extensive green in order to create a good balance between nature (3/2) and the game of golf (3/1).

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve and enhance biodiversity on the golf course:

Activity Description
Provision of nesting and nectar for pollinators Brushwood, roughs, forest edges and ditches are present at various locations. Special attention has been given to the different types of fauna. Insectenhotel achter pomphuis.
Installation of nest boxes Zwaluwkasten aan clubhuis, torenvalkkast op driving range
Control / management of alien species Non-native, exotic, are controlled as much as possible.
Provision of hibernation areas Various plant squares contain grooves of branches and woodpiles. This allows mammals and amphibians to forage and hibernate.
Creation of micro-habitats (eg log and stone piles) Microhabitats have been created at various locations on the course, such as breeding ground, grooves of branches and woodpiles.


Both surface water and groundwater are used for irrigation. There is a preference for surface water, however, because it’s of better quality. The quality of water is monitored annually. The irrigation system is equipped with a frequency regulator that activates the pump only when needed. The course only needs to be irrigated during the summer months as a result of its location in the dune landscape. Furthermore, the irrigation system will be modernised in the coming years. Other measures aimed at minimising consumption include the use of wetting agents on the greens, tees, top edges and bunker edges. Research is currently being conducted into the possible use of a desalination plant.

Water dat benodigd is voor irrigatie wordt onttrokken aan het oppervlakte- en grondwater. Bij voorkeur wordt er gebruikgemaakt van het oppervlaktewater, omdat dit van betere kwaliteit is. De kwaliteit van het water wordt jaarlijks gemeten. De beregeningsinstallatie is voorzien van een frequentieregelaar die er voor zorgt dat de pomp alleen actief is wanneer dit nodig is. Doordat de golfbaan in de duinen ligt, is er vooral in de zomermaanden behoefte aan beregeningswater. Om verbruik zo veel mogelijk te beperken zal de beregeningsinstallatie de komende jaren gemoderniseerd worden. Er wordt gebruik gemaakt van wetting agent op de greens, de tees, de droge koppen en de bunkerranden. Bovendien zijn wij een onderzoek gestart naar de aantrekkelijkheid van het gebruik van een ontziltingsinstallatie.

In 2016 is de totale renovatie van de beregeningsinstallatie een feit:
dubbele rijen sprinklers, naar binnen, op de fairway, gericht (waterbesparing)
pe leidingen die 30 jaar mee moeten gaan.
pomphuis verbruikt minder energie, dit is echter slecht meetbaar omdat dat voorheen samen met het clubhuisverbruik op 1 meter geregistreerd werd. Nu is een tussenmeter geplaatst, die alleen het verbruik van de pompinstallatie meet.
We richten ons beleid op de meer droogte tolerante grassoorten, waardoor steeds minder water nodig is.
Een ontziltingsinstallatie is (nog) niet aan de orde (2016) en hoeft hopelijk door het aangepaste beleid niet aangekocht te worden, omdat we het licht zoute water uit de bron nu nauwelijks meer hoeven te gebruiken.

Sources & Consumption

The following water audits have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Bron 2 hoofdgreenkeeper en Bas van Buuren Research 2010/05/19
Bron 2 hoofdgreenkeeper en Bas van Buuren Research 2010/09/19
GEO.energieverbruikschema.pdf.xls Inge Boomsma 2016/11/04

The water used at this golf facility is drawn from the following sources:

2015 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 484,000 Litres
Golf Course Surface 88% 13,111,000 Litres
Groundwater 12%
2014 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 563,000 Litres
Public / Potable 100%
2013 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 550,000 Litres

Irrigation & Efficiency

The following areas receive irrigation at this golf facility:

Greens 2-3 days per week
Tees 2-3 days per week
Fairways 2-3 days per week
Semi-Rough Never
Rough Never

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

Serviced every 2 years

Upgraded every 1 months

Re-calibrated and checked for efficient application every 1 months

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to maximize irrigation efficiency:

Activity Description
Selection of grass species Irrigation minimisation of the surface area is realised by monitoring the dryness.
Soil decompaction and thatch management Irrigation minimisation of the surface area is realised by only irrigating tees, greens and fairways.
Timing and dose of water application Door bodemvocht te meten en daarop de dosering en frequentie aan te passen.
Analysis of soil moisture Indien nodig wordt dagelijks bodemvocht gemeten.
Incorporation of evapotranspiration rates and weather data Zie hierboven
Use of wetting agents Wetting agents are used locally on extremely dry areas.
On tees: 1x per jaar 200 kg/ha granulair Revolution
Greens: 5x per jaar 20 l/ha Revolution

Overall reduction in irrigated area Met het nieuwe systeem wordt vanaf 2015 het totale speelgebied zeer gericht en naar behoefte beregend, d.w.z. met het doel het in stand houden/vermeerderen van de gewenste grassoorten.
Targeting of sprinkler heads wordt regelmatig gecontroleerd en indien nodig hersteld.
Optimizing system pressure Is in het nieuw aangelegde geavanceerde systeem verwerkt.
Adoption of cutting edge nozzle technology Up to date (2016)

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve / reduce / minimize water consumption:

Activity Description
Low-flow urinals and toilets Toilets are equipped with water-saving buttons.
Use of water efficient appliances Kitchen equipment contains modern water-saving elements.
Use of efficient shower technology The shower knobs are water-saving knobs.
Repairing leaks Leaks are immediately fixed.


The golf club aims to minimise energy usage and has made various adaptations over the past years to accomplish this. Lamps were replaced by energy-saving lamps and various locations make use of motion sensors. Currently, different investments are being considered aimed at reducing the use of gas, such as the possible purchase of an electrically-driven rough mower. The purchase of a weather station would allow for optimal use of the irrigation system by taking precipitation and other weather conditions into account.

De Club is bewust bezig het gebruik van energie te verminderen. Er zijn in de afgelopen jaren verschillende aanpassingen geweest om dit te bewerkstelligen. Zo zijn lampen vervangen door spaarlampen en wordt er op veel locaties gebruikgemaakt van bewegingssensoren. Verschillende investeringen die gepland staan, moeten het gebruik van brandstoffen verminderen. Er wordt gekeken naar de mogelijkheden voor het gebruik van een elektrische greenmaaier. De aanschaf van een weerstation moet er voor gaan zorgen dat er o.a. beter ingespeeld kan worden op de vochtbehoefte.

Sources & Consumption

The following energy surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Energie-efficiency audit HAS 2000/06/19
GEO.energieverbruiksschema.pdf.xls Inge Boomsma 2016/11/04

This golf facility does not consume any renewable energy or resources.

Consumption of non-renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2015 2014 2013
Diesel (Litres) 2648 3438 3102
Hydraulic Oil (Litres) 5 5 5
Natural Gas (Litres) 8741000 8878000 9053000
Non-renewable Grid (kWh) 73807 82726 79790
Petrol (Litres) 400 200 800

Energy Efficiency

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to diversify energy and fuel supply:

Activity Description
Adoption of green tariff grid supply Ja, per 2014.
Use of electric hybrid vehicles All handicarts are electric as well as the greens mower, one transporter and brush cutter. Tee mower is hybrid.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to reduce energy consumption:

Activity Description
Investment in low-energy heating and air conditioning systems De horeca heeft een nieuwe vriezer aangeschaft. De ijsblokjesmachine is naar een koelere, geventileerde ruimte verplaatst.
Optimizing thermostat levels for heating and refrigeration Levels of heating and cooling are arranged centrally, but can also be regulated in separate areas in order to prevent unnecessary heating or cooling. De temperatuurbeheersing behoeft verbetering. Wij streven naar een besparing op het energieverbruik van 5% in de komende 3 jaar.
Enhancement of natural ventilation opportunities In het kantoor van het secretariaat wordt vanaf 2015 de warmte van de kopieerinrichting rechtstreeks naar buiten afgevoerd en het raam van het kantoor van de hoofdgreenkeeper kan inmiddels open voor frisse lucht. In een raam in de clubroom zal in 2016 een ventilator worden geplaatst. Het is overal eerder te warm dan te koud, door isolatie, veel ramen op de zonkant en apparaten die warmte genereren.
Upgrading of building insulation The clubhouse has recently been extra insulated.
Installation of low-energy lighting Energy-saving lighting is attained through the use of as many energy-saving lamps and led-lamps as possible.
Use of motion sensor lighting Movement sensors are used for the lighting in the locker room.
Transition to energy efficient appliances Energy labels are highly considered in the purchasing of new equipment.
Use of timers with appliances, heating and lighting Outdoor lighting is regulated via a timer that is often adjusted to sunrises and sunsets.
Educating staff and customers The staff is made aware of the effects of activities with regard to energy usage.

Vehicles & Transport

The maintenance fleet at this golf facility uses the following fuel sources:

Ride-on Mowers Walking Mowers Utility Vehicles
Petrol 50% 33%
Diesel 67% 50%
Grid Electric 17% 50% 17%
Hybrid 17%

Additional vehicles operated by this golf facility use the following fuel sources:

Golf Carts Cars Buses
Grid Electric 100%

This golf facility has established the following schemes to encourage reductions in staff and customer transport emissions:

Activity Description
Car sharing incentives Veel leden rijden samen uit eigen beweging. Het meeste personeel komt op de fiets en allen wonen niet verder dan 10 km van de club.
Secure cycle parking Fietsenstalling is aanwezig; slechts een enkele keer is daar te weinig ruimte en worden de fietsen tegen een muur gestald.
Increasing equipment storage (e.g. lockers) De wachtlijst voor lockers is inmiddels (2016) weggewerkt; er zijn meer kleine lockers geplaatst.
Staff showers Shower is available in the green-keepers shed.

Supply Chain

An overview of the machines can be found in annex 11 of the CtG Management Plan. The work that is too expensive or requires special machinery is outsourced to third parties. For instance, the dredging of a water obstacle and the mowing of reed of that same water element. The levelling out of the tees with a special laser-driven leveller and, thereafter, the laying-out of the turf are also outsourced. All these activities, however, remain under the guidance of the head of green-keeping.

Voor een overzicht van de machines zie bijlage 11 van het CtG Beheerplan. Sommige grote klussen waarvoor speciale apparatuur vereist is, worden uitbesteed aan derden. Bijvoorbeeld het uitbaggeren van de waterhindernis en binnenkort ook het rietmaaien in dezelfde waterpartij. Ook het uitvlakken van de tees met een speciale lasergestuurde leveler en het zodenleggen erna is uitbesteed. Deze werkzaamheden staan steeds onder supervisie van de hoofdgreenkeeper.

Purchasing Policies

This golf facility undertakes the following ethical / environmental purchasing activities:

Activity Description
Measures to avoid waste at source Inkoop gebeurt bij voorkeur en zoveel mogelijk in efficiente hoeveelheden.
Use of local suppliers Inkoop gebeurt bij voorkeur en zoveel mogelijk bij lokale leveranciers.
Use of local products Vooral de horeca werkt met streekproducten, die biologisch geteeld zijn en rechtstreeks van de kweker, fokker of vanger komen. Hierdoor wordt ook minder verpakkingsmateriaal verbruikt.
Selection of certified products Purchasing places special attention to the certification of products. Bij aanschaf van nieuwe machines wordt bij gelijke geschiktheid de voorkeur gegeven aan die met een 'groen'label.
Use of recycled and recyclable products Purchasing also considers whether a product can be recycled. This is an important element in their final decision.

Supply Chain

An overview of the supplier network at this golf facility:

Total number of suppliers Total number of suppliers within 10 Kilometres Total number of suppliers within 100 Kilometres
Food & Beverage 15 11 4
Course Supplies 21 12 9

Turfgrass Inputs

This golf facility undertakes the following IPM activities:

Activity Description
Encouraging drought and disease tolerant grasses Used grasses are optimal for these climatic conditions. This minimizes the water usage and chance for disease.
Managing stress and wear Damage and wear and tear are avoided as much as possible by means of a good maintenance plan.
Enhancement of soil structure Soil structure is improved by means of aerating, slitting, sanding and through the measurement of results.
Optimization of the growing environment An optimal growth environment is cultivated through a good and actual maintenance plan and through expert advice.
Managing thatch levels Yearly measurements are made by external advisors who also advise on the amount of thatch and the policy to reduce this.
Managing surface moisture Irrigation system is being renewed (2013) and water is added as sparsely as possible to provide for a healthy rootsystem.
Establishing thresholds for pests and disease Ramps have been designed to optimise growth.
Scouting for pests and diseases Contact with other golf links in the Netherlands and registration of damage provides information about the risks of damage.
Monitoring / improvement of plant health The head of green-keeping keeps a keen eye on the quality of the grass.

Fertilizer use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2015 2014 2013
Fairways - K - Inorganic 30 50 50
Fairways - N - Inorganic 30 50 50
Fairways - P - Inorganic 8 15 15
Greens - K - Inorganic 50 60
Greens - K - Organic 115.2 115.2 115.2
Greens - N - Inorganic 30 50
Greens - N - Organic 72 72 72
Greens - P - Inorganic 8 10
Greens - P - Organic 28.8 28.8 28.8
Tees - K - Inorganic 110 110 110
Tees - N - Inorganic 110 110 110
Tees - P - Inorganic 20 20 20

Pesticide use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2015 2014 2013
Fairways - Herbicide - Total Weight 30 30 30
Fairways - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1 1
Greens - Fungicide - Total Weight 34.5 34.5 34.5
Greens - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 5 5 5
Tees - Herbicide - Total Weight 7 7 7
Tees - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 2 2 2

This golf facility undertakes the following actions to optimize pesticide use:

Activity Description
Selection on the least toxic and lest persistent products Pesticide figures are the total for the whole course, see beneath.
Driftreducerende doppen gebruiken
Niet gebruik maken van de max. toelaatbare spuitbeurten
Voorgeschreven dosering niet overschrijden
Selection of appropriate products for specific pests and diseases The correct substances are chosen as a result of the expertise present on diseases and plagues, and the use of pesticides.
Spot-treatment with handheld sprayers and wipers All diseases and plagues are treated locally, besides the greens and foregreens.
Calibration and testing of sprayers The ideal measurement is chosen depending on the substances used and the type of weather, thereby realising usage- and dispersion optimisation.
Use of shrouded sprayer and anti-drip nozzles Spraying is done with anti-drip nozzles.
Non-chemical weed control Branden en schoffelen, inzet schapen.
Use of organic and biological products to improve plant health and resistance. seaweed, bloedmeel, hoornmeel, beendermeel, algen, biologisch ijzerchelaat.
Product- en ketenbeheer 4.3 Turfgrass input Tabel jaarlijks chemicaliënverbruik: 2012 - 2016

Fungiciden Caramba 12746N 3 liter
Signum 12630N 3 kg
Chipco 13818N 20 liter
Herbiciden Roundup 12960N 1 liter
AAmix/Dicophar 12346N/14852N 35 liter
Garlon 4E
Niet meer gebruikt 8344N 0 liter
Primus 12175N 2 liter

Tabel Jaarlijks brandstoffenverbruik 2015

Excellium (was Super LVV) 400 liter
Gasolie 2648 liter
Aspen 4 takt 30 liter
Aspen 2 takt 0 liter

Waste Management

The following waste audits have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
milieu gemeente Veere afd. Milieu 2003/10/19
milieu en brandweer gemeente Veere afd. Milieu en brandweer 2005/11/19
milieu gemeente Veere afd. Milieu 2008/04/19
milieu en brandweer gemeente Veere, afdeling Milieu en brandweer 2016/07/19

This golf facility manages key waste streams as follows:

Re-use Recycle Landfill Incinerate
Glass false true false false
Plastic false true false false
Aluminium false false false true
Metal false true false false
Paper & Cardboard false true false false
Grass Clippings false true false false
Cores & Turf true false false false
Sand true false false false
Wood / Timber true false false false

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to continue the lifecycle of materials and resources:

Activity Description
Separation of recyclable materials Most waste materials are separated in special containers and taken to an external recyclestation. This is done by greenkeepingstaff, kitchen and office empoyees. Members are involved in that they seperate their empty pet-bottles in special wastebins.
Establishment of recycling centers Various containers are located centrally on the terrain in order to separate waste removal.
Returning clipping to fairways and walkways Fairway grass is not removed but remains on the fairway.
Education of staff and customer education Both staff and members are informed of how to proceed with waste removal.
Waste awareness campaigns We started a plastic waste-campaign in 2012 amongst the members. Most bottles are now thrown away in the special bins.

Pollution Control

Environmental management is carried out in different ways. Waste is separated and removed by external parties for recycling. Used water is drained into the public sewage system. The used water (retained from the irrigationssystem) from the hosing-down area is chemically filtered and there is a silt deposit for waste water. Kitchen waste water is collected in a separate grease deposit. Frying fat is collected separately by a specialised sanitation company. Yearly samples are taken to assess the quality of (irrigation) water. This allows for the monitoring of the chemical quality of the water and serves as the basis for the fertilisation plan.

Er wordt op verschillende manieren rekening gehouden met het milieu. Zo worden verschillende afvalstromen gescheiden verzameld en opgehaald door partijen die dit hergebruiken of recyclen. Het afvalwater wordt geloosd op het openbare riool. Het water van de spuitplaats (betrokken van de beregeningsinstallatie) wordt door een bezink filter geleid, er is een slibput voor vuilwater. Keukenafvalwater wordt opgevangen in een aparte vetput en frituurvet wordt door een speciaal reinigingsbedrijf opgehaald. Jaarlijks wordt onderzoek gedaan naar de kwaliteit van het (beregenings)water en worden grondmonsters genomen. Hierdoor kan de chemische kwaliteit worden gemonitord. Deze gegevens dienen als basis voor het bemestingsschema.

Water Analysis

This golf facility monitors water quality with the following frequency:

Chemical Biological Visual
Inflow Yearly Weekly
Outflow Two Yearly Two Yearly

Waste Water

Waste water from this golf facility is managed as follows:

Discharges to Formal Discharge Agreement
Golf Course Reed Bed N/A
Clubhouse Mains Sewer Yes
Maintenance Facility Mains Sewer Yes
Wash Pad Mains Sewer Yes

Hazardous Materials

Hazardous materials at this golf facility are handled and disposed of as follows:

Secure Storage Registered Uplift
Detergents true true
Cooking Oils true true
Lubricants true true
Pesticide Containers true true
Fertiliser Bags true true
Oil Filters true true
Batteries true true

Pollution Prevention

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution from its maintenance facility and clubhouse:

Activity Description
Storage of equipment and hazardous products on covered, sealed impervious areas Dangerous substances are stored in a certified cabinet.
Maintenance of equipment on covered, sealed impervious areas Large machine maintenance is outsourced whereas small maintenance is conducted on a fluid-sealed floor.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers over impervious surfaces Fertilisers are mixed on a fluid-sealed floor.
Installation of above-ground fuel tanks The fuel tank meets all criteria and is periodically checked.
Installation of sufficient secondary containment for fuel The drip container of the fuel tank meets all legislative criteria and is large enough.
Provision of containment booms and absorbent materials There is plenty of absorption material present and within reach.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution on its golf course:

Activity Description
Eliminating leachate and run-off through careful timing of turf inputs Weather statistics are narrowly watched to determine the ideal timing for the application of pesticides and fertilisers. Well-tuned irrigationsystem and minimal use of pesticides and fertilisers.
Establishment of vegetative buffer strips around water bodies No substances are used in the bank zone of water elements (at least 3m from the water line).
Establishment of emergency spillage response plan A contingency plan is in place directing the necessary actions needed in order to immediately fix any leaks, thereby minimising/eliminating damage. The new greensmower can't leak any oil because of it being electric.
Controlling erosion and sediment discharge A good mowing policy prevents erosion from taking place.
Establishment of pesticide-free zones No-spray zones have been determined across the entire terrain. Nowhere in the rough pesticides are used. Spraying takes place on (almost) windfree days.
Use of swales and bio-filters to slow and treat surface run-off Het opgepompte grondwater wordt voor gebruik via een helofytenfilter geleid.
Routing van de paden: ontsteild waardoor minder afspoeling toplaag.


A special commission has been created to handle all issues concerning nature on the golf course. This commission, that includes the head of greenkeeping, is responsible for the development of plans and for dispersing this information among its members. A special information board has been installed in the clubhouse for members to inform them per season of the newest developments. A special webpage and a dedicated column in the quarterly club newsletter have been created to inform members specifically about the commission’s activities and nature at the Domburgsche Golf Club.

Er is een speciale commissie aangesteld, die belast is met alle zaken rond de natuur op de golfbaan. Deze commissie, waarin ook de hoofdgreenkeeper zitting heeft, is verantwoordelijk voor het ontwikkelen van plannen en het informeren van de leden. Voor de leden is er een speciaal bord ingericht in het clubgebouw waarop per seizoen wetenswaardigheden te zien zijn. Daarnaast is er een speciale pagina op de website te benaderen die informatie geeft over commissie en natuur op de Domburgsche Golfclub en een rubriek met natuur-wetenswaardigheden in het clubblad, dat eens per kwartaal verschijnt.

Employment & Education

Typical staffing levels at this golf facility are:

Full Time Part Time Seasonal
Club Management 2
Course Management 3
Food & Beverage 2 1
Golf Coaching 1

The sustainability working group at this golf facility is comprised of:

  • Committee Members
  • Baancommissaris, hoofdgreenkeeper en bioloog

Employees at this golf facility receive the following formal and informal environmental education:

Activity Description
Storage, application and disposal of pesticides Employees are informed about the use, the storage and disposal of chemicals and pesticides by the Chair of Greens, through workshops and in accordance with ARBO.
Efficient water management Staff is informed in efficiency and waste management.
New irrigationsystem, completed in 2015, will provide for less use of water.
Management of accidents and emergencies Much is done to prevent accidents and emergencies, when they do happen, date and time are recorded in a log. Members are warned constantly to wait till greenkeepers sign to play.
Footpaths on the course are made less steep and higher fences are installed to prevent balls from hitting cyclists on the public paths.
Also plans are made to make play safer on the fairways 4 and 6, by constructing a combined large fairway.
Management of habitats and vegetation The management plan, pais attention to the value and maintenace of habitats. According to Flora- and Faunalaw.
Waste minimization, separation and recycling A new area with containers for seperating waste has recently (November 2013) been installed.
Health & Safety Staff is instructed, and equipped with personal protective equipment.
Energy Saving Plans have been made (2013) to better monitoring use of energy. Simple improvements have already been made, e.g. led lighting in storage room.
Understanding of landscape and cultural heritage The management plan pays attention to the value and maintenance of landscape and cultural heritage. Plans for alterations always pass the Committee to evaluate these before they are executed.
Environmental management planning The GEO commitee is concerned with environmental management and tries constantly to enlarge awareness amongst all staff and members.

Community Relations

This golf facility engages with local community groups in the following manner:

Activity Description
Neighbours The golf club is in contact with the neighbours. Plans for a garden of the annex appartment building have been made in colaboration with the club so that a fluant connection with the course is established.
Also contact is sought with our neighbour next to the first tee, to avoid irritation and consider the building of fences.
Local Government The golf club is constantly in contact with the local government, e.g. for fencing and all kinds of permits.
Local Environmental Groups Several environmental groups are involved with the nature activities: Floron, KNNV, Vlinderstichting, Vogelbescherming, Stichting Duinbehoud, Staatsbosbeheer, Stichting Landschapsbeheer Zeeland.
Media When there are interesting events at the golfcourse (local) media is informed by the club: sheep on the course (television, radio and papers), GEO certification festivities, etc.
Local Businesses Several local businesses are involved by the club through a business membership.
Schools & Colleges The club and clubmanagement participates in education: special workshops and courses for greenkeepers and managementcourse for chair of greens. In 2016 headgreenkeeper and chair of greens attended a trip to Copenhagen on pesticide-free maintenance.

Land Use & Cultural Heritage

This golf facility provides access and diversified land use for others through:

Activity Description
Maintenance of existing public paths This and all items stated in this section do not apply, as our small course is solely used for golfingpurposes.
Creation of new paths and nature trails In 2015 some of the steeper footpaths are relayed to prevent accidents.
Installation of effective and welcoming signage In 2014 a new information sign at the beginning of the course has been installed. On this sign are 6 photos of nature on the course, which are altered half yearly.
Providing opportunities for other recreation (e.g. fishing) That would be too dangerous. For this the course is far too crowded and small.

No archaeological or heritage surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding the conservation of cultural heritage.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to conserve cultural heritage features:

Activity Description
Historic Features (Hedgerows / Dykes / Moats / Cairns etc) There is a dyke on the north/east side of the course.
Element of WWII There are several elements of war found on the course, like a war bunker, a trench, and a lot of bomb craters. Also bombs are sometimes found and displayed at the nearby warmuseum.


This golf facility undertakes the following internal environmental communications:

Activity Description
Provision of newsletters, notice boards & poster display There is an notice board in the clubhouse that provides information about flora and fauna, which is constantly being updated.
Members evenings and course walks Members evenings and course walks are held, for example the national birdwaching day and a lecture by the shepherd in a General Members Meeting. Further lectures: Birds of prey, Macro night butterflies, birds on the course.
Course guides / brochures Are made for recruitement of new members.
In 2014 a special book on the history of the then 100 years old course has been edited.
The clubmagazine, 4 times a year, provides the members each edition with information on nature on the course.
Interpretation panels & course signage Interpretation panels are present. Signage is as little as possible to not spoil the natural environment. Instead birdieguides are handed out.
In 2016 new, even discreter, signs are being installed.

This golf facility undertakes the following social and environmental advocacy activities:

Activity Description
Website, press releases & brochures There is an seperate page on the website that shows information about the committed to green/GEO certificate, and other related issues. As well as information in the clubs magazine.
Course walks / open days The club have participated in open days for golfcourses.
Attending community meetings Especially for the re-certification in 2016 a reception will be held for neighbours and community members, as well as guests from the local authorities.