Oslo Golf Club

GEO Certified® 07/2013 GEO Re-Certified 10/2016
Telephone: 0047 22 51 05 60

The key to the great sustainability work on Oslo GK is the strong engagement from the board and the employees in leading positions. Without this, very little of what has been done would have been realized, and that’s a fact. A lot have happened on Oslo GK since its first GEO-certification in 2013.
The club’s serious proposal for building a new clubhouse, the new thorough species survey, displayed on Google maps, a new system for the waste management including a money saving cardboard press and the new bandy field on the driving range are some…

Mårten Wallberg, GEOSA, Accredited Verifier Read verifier report.

GEO Certified® Report

GEO Certified® is the symbol of great golf environments worldwide – designating that a golf facility has met a credible standard in the areas of nature, water, energy, supply chain, pollution control, and community, and is committed to continually improve. GEO Certified® is widely trusted and endorsed by a growing number of organizations and people, both inside and outside golf.

Click below to read about the activities undertaken by this golf facility to operate sustainably.

Facility details

Golf Courses
Bogstad (18 holes, 6268 metres, year opened 1924)
1 Clubhouse(s)
1 Maintenance Facility/Facilities
1 Practice Facility/Facilities
1 Other


Oslo Golfclub is located just outside the center of Oslo just below Holmenkollen, with its well known ski jumping area. The golf course is constructed on a parkland area just next to lake Bogstad.
Even though the course is located close to the city, it has a rich fauna. During the different seasons you can experience elk, deer, fox and hares. Bogstad lake contains many different fishes.

The area was a part of Norways biggest estates called Nordmarkagodset. This included land and forestry properties, a number of sawmills and three iron works. The land was a farmland with very few trees and used for growing crops. In 1947 Oslo Golfclub was given 400 trees to plant out. The land now has corridors of trees that mainly consists of Birch, Spruce, Scots Pine, Maple trees, Rowans, Common Aspen, Oak, Common Beech, Horse Chestnut, Swedish Whitebeam, Hackberry and other schrubs.

The current plant flora surrounding the lake consists of a large number of herbs which are specific for this type of habitat, from low-growing herb (ex Lily of the valley, Convallaria majalis, to medium herbs, as Kabbeleka-Caltha palustris varied grasses, etc.. and tall herbs, as Sword Lily-Iridaceae pseudacorus. The land has areas that consist of many different biotopes such as: Swamp forest, Mixed deciduous forest, Conifers habitats, Meadow habitats, Shore biotope, rock slope biotope, Leaves sumps biotope, Wetland biotopes. The plan is to create a map of these biotopes and how to best manage these in the future.

The lake and the golf course is a popular recreation area for people in the local community, both for walking in spring, summer (also bathing) and autumn, and skiing in the winter.

The golfclub adress is Ankerveien, where the road itself is a monument. The road was built by Peder Anker around the year 1800, it is listed as a heritage site under the Cultural Heritage Act of 1978.

Consultation & Surveys

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding landscape heritage conservation:

  • Bymiljøetaten Oslo kommune

The following landscape assessments and surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Master plan Steve Forest 2007/01/01 Download
Conversion of Norway's oldest golf course Christoffer Jönsson 2011/01/17 Download
Treplan Jeppe Nielsen 2015/06/01 Download

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding ecosystem protection and enhancement:

  • Bymiljøetaten Oslo kommune

The following ecological surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Ecological description Lee Penrose and Bob Taylor 2007/08/01 Download
Artsliste/ Inventory of wildlife Albert Holmgeirsson, Christoffer Jønsson, David Mcgregor, Hans Christiansen 2016/03/02 Download
Artsliste (Kart)/ Inventory of wildlife (Map) Albert Holmgeirsson 2016/03/15 Download

Rare, protected and notable species occurring at this golf facility:

Local name Scientific name
Almestjertvinge/White-letter hairstreak Satyrium w-album

This golf facility regularly monitors the following species as indicators of environmental quality:

Local name Scientific name
Stær/ Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Sverdlilje/ Yellow iris Iris pseudacorus
Stemorsblomst/ Viola Viola tricolor
Ål/ European eel Anguilla anguilla
Liljekonvall/ Lily of the Valley Convallaria majalis
Starr/ Carex Carex ssp.
Bekkeblom/ Kingcup Caltha palustris
Buorm/ Grass snake Natrix natrix
Nattviol/ Lesser Butterfly-orchid Platanthera bifolia

Habitats & Designations

This golf facility features the following landscape designations:

Description Designating Authority
Historic Landscapes / Parklands Bymiljøetaten(Oslo kommune)
Areas of Scenic Beauty Bymiljøetaten(Oslo kommune)
Geological Bymiljøetaten(Oslo kommune)
Bogstad Lake and Bogstad Manor Bymiljøetaten(Oslo kommune)

Area of habitats / vegetation types, and associated designations at this golf facility:

Title Estimated Area (Hectares) Designation
Rough 'ecological' grassland 15,6 None
Scrub Vegetation 1 None
Native Woodland 5 None
Open Water Features 0,1 None


Size and estimated species composition of amenity turfgrass maintained at this golf facility.

Estimated Area (Hectares) Turfgrass Species Sward Composition (%)
Greens 1.4 Hectares Agrostis stolonifera / palustris 100%
Tees 0.8 Hectares Agrostis stolonifera / palustris 90%
Poa annua 10%
Fairways 13.0 Hectares Agrostis stolonifera / palustris 70%
Poa annua 30%
Semi Rough 12.0 Hectares Festuca rubra 60%

These turfgrasses are optimal for the circumstances at this club because:
The golf course at Bogstad was rebuilt and sandcapped in 2007-2008. Essentially a new golf course was build on top of the old one. Getting rid of Poa Annua and bringing in Agrostis stolifinera, means that we don't start from scratch every year, but normally have good winter survival. Agrostis stolifinera is used on greens tees and fairway, the main reason is it produces a very good playing surface, and it has a good winter survival. The mix with read fescue and barcampsia in the semi rough and the rough works good, it creates a good wear tolerance and the barcampcia works very good in the shaded areas. We try to manage the grass at a certain degree of drought stress and playability is our major driver behind management decisions. We try to maintain the color of the grass to it`s nativ color, in other words it does not have to bee lush green.

This golf facility assesses mowing patterns every: 1 months

This golf facility consults the following individuals / organizations regarding its grassing plan:

  • Floratine
  • Nibio/ Bioforsk

This golf facility is making the following efforts to manage the playing quality expectations of customers:

Activity Description
Establishing clear internal policies for irrigation, fertilization, colour, cutting heights, overseeding etc Practices to improve turf health:
* hand cutting 7 days a week, minimize compaction
* Cutting height 2,5-3,5 mm
* New cutting directions every cutting day
* Topdressing every 14th day, 0,5 m3 per 1000 m2
* Airify every 4th week
* Spiking every second week
* Verticutting every third week
* Seeding late summer
* Spoon feeding every week(liquid and granual)
* Rolling 1-2 day a week.
* Move holes every day
* Irrigation by sprinklers and by hose
Promoting the playing quality values of more naturalized turf, particularly fairways and semi-rough Practices to improve turf health
Tees and Fairways.
* Tees hand cut 3 days a week Fairway ride on mower 3 days a week
* Cutting Height 8-10 mm
* New Cutting direction every cutting day
* Toppdress tee every 14th day 1m3 per 1000m2 Fairway toppdress 3-5 times per season.
* Spiking and airifying around 7 times per season
* Seeding late summer
* Verticutting if needed (remove thach)
* Fertilizing around every third- fourth week(liquids or granuals, synthetic or organic)
* Irrigation done by sprinklers and or if dry spots with hose.
Promoting the financial benefits of presenting sustainable surfaces Maintenance which is outside of our weekly maintenance that can cause more interrupt for players, will be informed through the website and from the starters desk. The finacial aspects are usually referred to in the material above.
Improving customer understanding around greens maintenance The members are regularly informed about management and maintenance of the turfgrass by articles from the Course Manager in the magazine of the golfclub, on the website and on a noticeboard near the 1st tee.

Conservation & Enhancement

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve landscape character:

Activity Description
Allowing seasonal variation of course coloration and texture Red Fescue in places in the rough is left to grow where it is found. Irrigation is kept to the minimum and some discoloration by drought is allowed.
Appropriately matching mowing lines to contours We are trying to follow the cutting lines set up bu the architect (Steve Forest) There is different grass on the fairway(creeping bent) and in the semi rough Fescue and Barcampsia.
Protection and restoration of historic features We aim to protect any historic feature on and around the golf course and some of them are protected by the Cultural Heritage Act, such as the road leading to the golf club and it's old stone wall.
Discreet on-course signage and furniture The on-course signage and furniture are discreet and made by materials that will last a long time.
Conservation of specimen trees We are trying to save the old solitary trees.
Screening and softening unsightly man-made features We try to blend in the man-made features on the golfcourse such as: Pumphouse, golfers sheds, on-course WC and storage building out on the course. They are made from wood and are painted in dark-brown colour. Some have turf rooftops. We have used soil and sand to replicate dunes to help screen buildings.
Storage area on the golf course We have build an extention to our existing storage building so we can store large equipment and fertilizer in a better way. We have also moved our tyre containers to a better place. This helps with tidying up the place, extend the life of our machinery and look more apealing to the public.
Planting new trees The club's construction committee has made a long term plan for planting new trees. The plan has detailed information about each hole in relation to visual impact, playing aspect, draining properties, maintenance, term point, the bird, insect and animal life.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the landscape ecology of the golf course:

Activity Description
Minimizing the amount of amenity grass Fairway widths and sizes remain constant over time.
Increasing the size of habitat patches The golf club has designated areas which fall outside the playing area and are left untouched. A new large area alongside the lake has been left untouched for safety resons and to promote biodiversity.
Pond Creation A pond was created as a sedimentation dam to catch the drainage water coming from most of the drainage network on the course, before it runs back into the lake. The club recieved a positive response from the local authorities when buiding this pond.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the quality of habitats on the golf course:

Activity Description
Creation of botanically rich rough grassland We have areas that we do not cut or spray against weed.
Promoting species and structurally diverse woodlands The golf course had very few trees in the 1950,s but the course has many different kinds of trees now, thanks to planting and promoting woodland shelves and corridors around fairways.
Maintenance of an appropriate balance of open water and aquatic vegetation We have one pond on the golf course. This pond has been cleaned for vegitation and algae aprox. 2-3 times a year for scenic purposes. Adjustments have been made for installation of ultrasonic sensor to keep the pond clear of algae without the use of chemicals. The lake itself is left untouched for aquatic vegetation.
Promote biodiversity alongside the pond The grass alongside the edge of the pond that is not in play is left to grow throughout the season.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve and enhance biodiversity on the golf course:

Activity Description
Provision of nesting and nectar for pollinators Pollinators can have nectar from our flowers and bushes.
Installation of nest boxes We have around 150 nest boxes on the course. The nest boxes were put up to try to control leather-jacket (crane-fly lava) populations.
Control / management of alien species We do not control alien or any insects.
Creation of micro-habitats (eg log and stone piles) Old, dry and dead trees trunks are left for different kinds of fauna species in the areas that are not in play.


Bogstad Lake is 9-10 meters at its deepest. The water is 145 meters above sea level and has an area of about one square kilometer. In the north the Sørkedals River runs into, while the Lysaker River runs out of the lake. Good fishing with several species, among a Pike, Trout, Perch, Roach and Rudd.

Bogstad Lake is the natural source of water for irrigation. The lake is also a natural recipient for surface water. Tests have been taken from the lake and analyzed over the years and the tests have shown that the water is good for irrigation purposes. We do test the water on a regular basis. The clubhouse and maintenance building use water from local utilities. There is a WC on the course that uses irrigation water.

A pond was created as a sedimentation dam to catch the drainage water coming from most of the drainage network on the course before it runs back into the lake. The club received positive response from the local authorities when building this pond. The golf club is conserned about drainage water that comes from a neighboring camping site that runs into our drainage network, the club is considering taking action to measure if the water coming from the camping site is clean and not polluting the lake.

Water used at the golf course origins from two sources; lake water for irrigation and rainfall. They are both important water sources for the golf course.

We have Rainbird irrigation system that is computerized with a weather-station. The weather-station gives evapotranspiration rates, wind speed and direction, humidity, and also turns the system off in the event of rainfall. Greens are monitored with a soil moisture meter and visual inspection daily. We are currently looking into in-ground soil moisture monitors by Toro & Rainbird that we will be able to use mainly in greens but also tees, and fairways.

Our fairways are sand-capped, they have high percolation rate and are low in CEC numbers. In our total irrigation amount, the fairways consist of 70% of our total irrigation applied every year. Some years when we have a lot of winterkill, we use a substantial amount of water to get those areas back up and running. We are currently making adjustments to arcs to prevent unnecessary watering of rough and optimizing cycle and soak cycles to reduce or eliminate wasteful runoff by matching each sprinkler’s application rate to the localized soil infiltration rate.

Sources & Consumption

The following water audits have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Water audit from the sedimentation dam Ana-lync for water 2015/04/20 Download

The water used at this golf facility is drawn from the following sources:

2015 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 2,842,000 Litres
Golf Course Surface 100% 44,000,000 Litres
2014 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 3,037,000 Litres
Golf Course Surface 100% 59,000,000 Litres
2013 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 2,966,000 Litres
Golf Course Surface 100% 50,600,000 Litres

Irrigation & Efficiency

The following areas receive irrigation at this golf facility:

Greens Weekly
Tees Weekly
Fairways Weekly
Semi-Rough Weekly
Rough Weekly
Other Daily
Other Weekly

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:
Fully computer controlled

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

Serviced every 1 years

Upgraded every 3 years

Re-calibrated and checked for efficient application every 1 years

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to maximize irrigation efficiency:

Activity Description
Selection of grass species The course was rebuilt in 2008 and bentgrass mixture of A4, G2 and G6 was chosen for greens. For tees and fairways Penn trio(mix of Penncross, pennlink 2 and peeneagle 2). These were chosen because of playability and tolerance to stress, drought, diseases, heat and cold.
Soil decompaction and thatch management Regular aeration is carried out to on all of the playing surfaces throughout the year. This tied in with a sound topdressing programme on green, tees and fairways.
Timing and dose of water application We normally irrigate at night time to maximize efficiency and minimize evaporation. We only irrigate in the day time when weather conditions are severe and when applying certain fertilisers. Dry spots are treated by hand watering and wetting agents when needed.
Analysis of soil moisture We use Tdr moisture meter to determine how much moisture we have in our greens, occasionally tees and fairway spots . This is also used to determine application and amount of water to be irrigated. We try to maintain moisture at around 15 - 20%
Incorporation of evapotranspiration rates and weather data We have a weather station on site which gives us an indication of ET and other weather data which we base our irrigation cycles on. The weather station is implemented in the irrigation software. We plan to monitor water use more closely by incorporating monthly reports on weather data and irrigation applied.
Use of wetting agents Wetting agents are used on fairways and greens to help make watering more efficient and to reduce the risk of dry spots. Also to try to promote more consistent movement of water through the profile.
Overall reduction in irrigated area We don't have a reduction on the are that we irrigate but by installing valve-in-head sprinklers we have more controll and we do not need to water whole areas like we did before the re-build in 2007
Targeting of sprinkler heads The current system was designed and installed in 2008. We are currently making adjustments to arcs to prevent unneccessary watering of rough by installing new sprinklers that can be easily adjusted from 360 degrees to the arc needed.
Optimizing system pressure Pump Manager provides for pump station control and full monitoring capabilities from the site control. Smart pump was implemented in spring 2013. Saving water, conserving electricity and reducing wear and tear on our pumping system.
Adoption of cutting edge nozzle technology Nozzles are checked during annual reviews and replaced if damaged. The system was installed in 2008 so they are still relatively new.
Irrigation Audits Irrigation audits have been tried using a tdr moisture meter with a GPS. This work will proceed and will give us a better knowledge on controlling individual sprinkler

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve / reduce / minimize water consumption:

Activity Description
Low-flow urinals and toilets In place in some of the WC's. When WC's are upgraded low-flow urinals and toilets are installed.
Use of water efficient appliances We have a rain gauge that turns off the irrigation system automatically when it rains.
Use of efficient shower technology Most of the showers have efficient shower technology and will be chosen when the old shower heads are changed.
Repairing leaks The system is monitored and checked for leakage daily by the help of monitoring software and visual inspection. Leaks are repaired immediately when noticed.


Energy consumption is an issue where we need to work the most. Our one and only energy resource is electricity from the main line. The clubhouse is old and needs an uppgrade. A new clubhouse is on the drawing-board and will hopefully be a reality in the coming years but until then we are stuck with the old building that does not meet todays standards of utilising energy. We currently have installed occupancy light sensors in our restroom and locker rooms and are always on the lookout for saving energy and cost, also conciously understanding the importance of each individuals responsibility, by stressing things as simple as turning out lights when finished, and using programmable thermostats. The plan is to optimise all heating sensors so we are not wasting energy.

We are currently looking into alternative heating resources such as LPG and heat pump. We feel that we are wasting a lot of energy by heating up areas that are not beeing used regularly in the winter. Using LPG or heat pumps as a supplement to electricity can possibly reduce cost and save energy. The building of the bandy court to give multipurpose use on our drivingrange was finished in 2015. That means the drivingrange is beeing used all year round.

Sources & Consumption

The following energy surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Condition monitoring of the clubhouse OPAK/ John-Morten Kvam 2015/03/12 Download

This golf facility does not consume any renewable energy or resources.

Consumption of non-renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2015 2014 2013
Diesel (Litres) 13007 13504 9828
Hydraulic Oil (Litres) 50 50 50
Non-renewable Grid (kWh) 505195 491641 547522
Petrol (Litres) 10000 10002 7500

Energy Efficiency

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to diversify energy and fuel supply:

Activity Description
Adoption of green tariff grid supply The main focus is on green tariff grid supply in the new club house project. We will know in the beginning of next year if the project will be accepted.
Installation of photovoltaic and / or solar panels Solar panels is in our plans for the southern faced roof if the new clubhouse project becomes a reality.
Use of geothermal and / or ground sources The use of geothermal heating is in our plans if the new clubhouse project becomes a reality.
Use of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) The use of LPG will be considered if the new clubhouse project becomes a reality.
Use of biodiesel and /or ethanol Aspen gasoline is used for small fuel driven machines such as trimmers, flymo and chainsaws.
Improvements New energy efficient dishwasher, washing machine and a owen have been installed in the clubhouse.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to reduce energy consumption:

Activity Description
Optimizing thermostat levels for heating and refrigeration New thermostats have been installed in the maintenance building that can regulate the temperature in each room for day and night. Installed a new A+ refrigerator and an A+ dishwasher in the lunch room.
Upgrading of building insulation The maintenance building has been fully insulatet after it was re-build in 2004.
Installation of low-energy lighting When light bulbs are changed, they will be changed to new more energy sufficient light bulbs.
Use of motion sensor lighting Outdoor lights in the carpark are fitted with motion sensor to save engergy.
Transition to energy efficient appliances We have changed our large hot-water tanks to fewer, smaller and more energy effective tanks.
Use of timers with appliances, heating and lighting The lights in the machinery building and electricity for fuel pumps have timer so they will turn off by them selves.
Educating staff and customers Awareness campaigns on energy use is aimed at employees.
Installation of power meters We plan to put a power meter in each building to be able to monitor electricity more closely. That should give us a better indication on where we are able to save energy and if our measures taken are working.
New Diesel and Petrol pumps Installed new Diesel and Petrol pumps that are more reliable and use less electricity.
Work clothes, towels and coffee cups Each member of staff has got their own marked sets of clothes, towels and coffe cups so they don't have to be washed every time they have been used. We motivate the staff to look after the work clothes so we don't have to buy new sets every year.
Air compressor Pressure tests have been carried out on the air compressor to prevent it from running more than it needs to. Rutines have been put in place to switch the air compressor fully off during holidays.
Drinking water on the golf course A new drinking water dispenser has been set up on the golf course that is connected a water pipe from the maintenance building. This has led to less transport of water every day.
New excavator A new bigger excavator has been purchaced instead of an older small model. This means that we will be more effecient in our renovation work.
A new modern Clubhouse The existing clubhouse is old and expensive to maintain. The club has established a group that is looking into building a new energy efficient (preferrably energy neutral) club house. That group will be looking into using energy from the existing bandy course and other more environmentaly friendly means as a source for heating up the new clubhouse

Vehicles & Transport

The maintenance fleet at this golf facility uses the following fuel sources:

Ride-on Mowers Walking Mowers Utility Vehicles
Petrol 100% 100%
Diesel 100%

Additional vehicles operated by this golf facility use the following fuel sources:

Golf Carts Cars Buses
Petrol 60%
Diesel 100%
Grid Electric 40%

This golf facility has established the following schemes to encourage reductions in staff and customer transport emissions:

Activity Description
Car sharing incentives Staff routinely car-share when traveling to meetings, trainings and other activities away from the golf club.
Group transportation (e.g. buses) When staff travels together on special occasions, they strife to share cars when possible. When the group is large enough busses or mini busses are chosen for transport.
Secure cycle parking There are two cycle parking areas, one by the clubhouse and one by the maintenance building where cyclists can secure their bikes with locks.
Increasing equipment storage (e.g. lockers) Golf bag lockers are available in the club house and also for staff in the maintenance building. A large storage room for both trolleys and golf bags is available on the second floor in the maintenance building.
Staff showers Showers are available for staff to use in the maintenance building and also in the clubhouse.
Hitchikers bench A bench was placed in front of the club house. This bench has hitchhikers bench written on it, it's function is to help juniors and other members to hitch a ride with golfers that have a car present.
El car charging station A charging station was put in place at the clubhouse car-park, it was installed and partly funded by the government. This station can charge up to two electric cars at any time.
Electric bicycles for staff. The club has been looking into buying 2 electric bicycles for staff that live relatively near the club. This is something we will be looking to add on if it is a success.

Supply Chain

Oslo Golfklubb uses a large variety of suppliers, both international and local.Typical purchases are, mowers,irrigation components, spare parts, fertilizer,chemicals, office supplies and so on. All purchases and investments are approved by the board and written in to the budget. We use local suppliers whenever possible and we try to purchase large quantities to minimize cost and waste.

Oslo Golfklubb prepares each year a detailed plan for the use of fertilizers. The aim is to minimize fertilizer use and to keep up with the requirements of the plant. We recognize the need to use fertilizers responsibly and take this into consideration when we plan our use of fertilizers.

Soil samples are taken every autumn and sent to a research center called Harris Lab. The samples are analyzed and the outcome is used as guidance when setting up a fertilizer program for the following year. We have a balanced fertilizer program and we alter the program to either less or more depending on the plant needs and conditions. We try to minimize pesticide use by trying to create a good environment for the plant and by IPM. Management.

We try to recycle pallets and re-use seed cans instead of throwing them in the garbage. Any materials that are considered reusable are kept and reused when possible.

Purchasing Policies

This golf facility undertakes the following ethical / environmental purchasing activities:

Activity Description
Measures to avoid waste at source Our monthly newsletter is now sent out electronically. Our club magazine is also published on the internet specially for tablets and that has led to less printed copies. We have reduced from 6 to 4 releases a year. Otherwise, we do not publish more copies than is actually beeing picked up.
Use of local suppliers Local suppliers are used wherever practicable, i.e. that the product is available and equivalent with other products.
Use of local products We try to use local products when available.
Selection of certified products We strife to select certified products when possible.
Use of recycled and recyclable products We try to buy recycled and recyclable products when possible and we have for example markers on the course that are made from recycled materials.
Selection of products that feature minimal packaging We strife to buy supplies in large quantaties to get a lower price and to minimize waste from product packages.
Use of accredited suppliers (e.g. ISO 14001) When purchasing machines and major investments.

Supply Chain

An overview of the supplier network at this golf facility:

Total number of suppliers Total number of suppliers within 10 Kilometres Total number of suppliers within 100 Kilometres
Retail 13 12 1
Trade & Contractors 35 22 13
Maintenance Equipment 19 17 2
Course Supplies 3 2 1

Turfgrass Inputs

This golf facility undertakes the following IPM activities:

Activity Description
Encouraging drought and disease tolerant grasses We are using new and improved species and varieties.
Managing stress and wear By using white lines to direct the golfers we minimizes the wear.
Enhancement of soil structure By aeration with solid tines, spike roller and hollow coring in combination with sand top dressing.
Optimization of the growing environment By having a well-balanced fertilizing program, irrigation program, and a mechanical program containing of mowing, verti-cutting, rolling, aeration, seeding and topdressing.
Managing thatch levels We are trying to manage the thatch through enhancing the fungus and bacteria that are breaking down the lignin. We are also doing mechanical operations to reduce the thatch such as verti-cutting topdressing and aeration.
Managing surface moisture Using portable Tdr meter regularly in coalition with the weather station ET calculation and the local weather predictions to determine the need for irrigation. All staff is encouraged to scout for dry spots during the summer months. Localized dry spots are often hand-watered on an as-needed basis.
Establishing thresholds for pests and disease Decisions to treat the turf for disease is based on a visual inspection and experience is used to determine whether any action requires to be taken. The weather is monitored carefully during months when experience tells us outbrake usually occures.
Scouting for pests and diseases Daily scouting for pests and diseases by course manager and experienced green staff.
Monitoring / improvement of plant health The senior greenkeepers keep a keen eye on the quality of the turf.
Autumn and winter management We focus on trying to help the plant being as strong and healthy as possible going into winter. We dew-off on a regular basis and we try to keep the plant on the dry side to prevent fungus. We also try to give the plant enough nutrition to survive a long winter. We monitor plant health through the winter and try to take preventative measures when we think it's needed.
Winter and spring management We try to prevent ice build-up on greens during winter by removeing snow in mild periods. We also use covers on greens and sometimes tees to help the plant during spring.

Fertilizer use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2015 2014 2013
Fairways - K - Inorganic 116 129 215
Fairways - K - Organic 29 32 54
Fairways - N - Inorganic 149 158 218
Fairways - N - Organic 35 39 55
Fairways - P - Inorganic 12 15 19
Fairways - P - Organic 3 4 5
Greens - K - Inorganic 101 150 184
Greens - K - Organic 25 37 46
Greens - N - Inorganic 154 158 174
Greens - N - Organic 38 39 44
Greens - P - Inorganic 21 28 26
Greens - P - Organic 5 7 7
Rough - K - Inorganic 50 96 120
Rough - K - Organic 13 24 30
Rough - N - Inorganic 114 120 160
Rough - N - Organic 28 30 40
Rough - P - Inorganic 9 18 26
Rough - P - Organic 2 4 7
Tees - K - Inorganic 84 118 192
Tees - K - Organic 21 30 54
Tees - N - Inorganic 110 150 218
Tees - N - Organic 27 37 55
Tees - P - Inorganic 18 18 25
Tees - P - Organic 5 5 5

Pesticide use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2015 2014 2013
Fairways - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 1.3 1.3 1.6
Fairways - Fungicide - Total Weight 5 5 6
Fairways - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 4 4 5
Greens - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 1.9 3 2.1
Greens - Fungicide - Total Weight 11.3 14 13
Greens - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 5 7 6
Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 1.9 1.9 1.9
Rough - Herbicide - Total Weight 4.0 4.0 4.0
Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 2 2 2
Tees - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 1.6 2.1 1.9
Tees - Fungicide - Total Weight 5.5 7 6
Tees - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 5 7 6

This golf facility undertakes the following actions to optimize pesticide use:

Activity Description
Selection on the least toxic and lest persistent products A discussion with suppliers, consultants and colleagues is carried out before the usage of pecticides to ensure that the correct substances and the right dosage is used.
Selection of appropriate products for specific pests and diseases The correct substances are chosen as a result of the expertise present on diseases and plagues, and the use of pesticides.
Spot-treatment with handheld sprayers and wipers Spot treatment is done occasionally with herbicides.
Calibration and testing of sprayers Calibration is done every year and testing is done before every application.
Use of shrouded sprayer and anti-drip nozzles Spraying is done with anti-drip nozzles. New nozzles are bought every year and Syngenta XC Nozzles are being used because of their air induction technology that significantly reduces the risk of spray drift.
Non-chemical weed control Hand picking weeds on greens, fairways, semi-rough and tees is done regularly by staff.
Foam Markers Foam markers are used on spraying equipment to keep treatments consistent. We have also installed foam markers on our granular fertilizer equipment to opptimize spreading patterns on all of our equipment.

Waste Management

No waste audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility manages key waste streams as follows:

Re-use Recycle Landfill Incinerate
Glass false true false false
Plastic false true false false
Aluminium false true false false
Metal false true false false
Paper & Cardboard false true false false
Grass Clippings false true false false
Cores & Turf false true true false
Sand false false true false
Wood / Timber false true false true

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to continue the lifecycle of materials and resources:

Activity Description
Separation of recyclable materials Plastic, glass bottles and cans are separated for recycle when emptying litter bins on the course. Paper and Cardboard from deliveries are put in a paper recycle container. Old electric equipment is sent to a recycling center.
Establishment of recycling centers A recycling center has been established in the clubhouse. A recycling center is in place near the entrance of the clubhouse for glass and clothes. A small recycling center outside the maintenance building is going to be set up in spring 2016.
Returning clipping to fairways and walkways Clipping on fairways are not removed.
Waste management conrtoll We have signed an agreement with one of Norways biggest waste companies (Ragn Sells). They have installed a recycle center on our premisis.
Paper compactor A new paper compactor was installed in 2015 to reduce the need for paper pickup.

Pollution Control

Oslo Golfclub acknowledges its duty to protect the quality of the local environment. The club's vision is to have a top-class golf course with the highest possible standard and to be able to host top international tournaments. Preserving the beautiful nature of the site plays a big role in that.

We aim to protect any historic feature on and around the golf course and some of them are protected by the Cultural Heritage Act, such as the road leading to the Golf club and it's old stone wall. We have put up more than 150 small bird "houses" to increase the diversity of bird species and to have a natural protection against different insects, which can harm greens and other areas.

The use of fertilizers and pesticides is well documented.

Our plan is to monitor both the irrigation water used for our golf course and the drainage water going back to the lake on a regular basis to know how the situation is and if we need to take preventative actions. Our IPM management hopefully reduces the risk for pollution by minimizing the pesticides usage. The risk of oil contamination is minimized by using modern equipment and performing regular high standard service. We are currently looking into the potential of trying to use greener engergy then we do now. Our goal is high for our golf course so it might be in conflict with reducing CO2 emissions but we are aware of that and will always be on the lookout for better techniques that can minimize pollution.

Waste and hazardous waste is taken care by a waste management company, Ragn Sells.
Storage of fuel and pesticides are done in a safe manner. Disposal of all waste is done according to law. All old electric devices are sent to recycling stations. Organic waste such as dead plants and grass clippings is driven away with the lorries that supply sand to the golf course.

Employees have access to all necessary protective gear and receive certified training when handling machines or substances that are potentially dangerous to health. Fire prevention and fire extinguishers are checked and regularly maintained. The golf club arranges first-aid courses for staff on a regular basis.

Water Analysis

This golf facility monitors water quality with the following frequency:

Chemical Biological Visual
Inflow Yearly Three Yearly Monthly
On-Site Yearly Three Yearly Monthly
Outflow Yearly Three Yearly Monthly

Waste Water

Waste water from this golf facility is managed as follows:

Discharges to Formal Discharge Agreement
Golf Course Detention Pond N/A
Clubhouse Mains Sewer N/A
Maintenance Facility Mains Sewer N/A
Wash Pad On-Site Treatment Plant N/A

Hazardous Materials

Hazardous materials at this golf facility are handled and disposed of as follows:

Secure Storage Registered Uplift
Detergents true false
Cooking Oils false false
Lubricants true false
Pesticide Containers true false
Fertiliser Bags true true
Oil Filters true false
Batteries true true

Pollution Prevention

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution from its maintenance facility and clubhouse:

Activity Description
Storage of equipment and hazardous products on covered, sealed impervious areas All equipment and hazardous products are stored within the maintenance shed which is a fully bunded, concrete-floored building.
Dangerous substances are stored in a certified cabinet. The pesticide cabinets have been ventilated and upgraded with a spillage container so any spillage will stay in the cabinet.
Maintenance of equipment on covered, sealed impervious areas All maintenance is carried out in the maintenance building which has concrete floors.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers in covered areas All mixing of pesticides and fertilizers is done out on the course far away from open water and drainage.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers over impervious surfaces Mixing and refilling is done outby the washing facility. Our two big mixing tanks are placed on an impervious cover to prevent leaching.
Installation of above-ground fuel tanks Our fuel tanks are made of glassfiber and are situated in the ground. They were upgrated from steel tanks in the year 2000.
Installation of sufficient secondary containment for fuel New fuel storage was built in 2001 and it proved very useful when the maintenance building burned down in 2003. This storage contains fuel cans for small machines including grass trimers, chainsaws etc.
Provision of containment booms and absorbent materials Spillage materials are routinely available.
New fuel pumps New fuel pumps have been installed. They are more reliable and use less power when operated.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution on its golf course:

Activity Description
Eliminating leachate and run-off through careful timing of turf inputs We always check weather forecasts for the week before all fertiliser and pesticide applications to reduce any leachate and run-off problems but also to ensure the efficiency of the product.
Controlling erosion and sediment discharge The pond that receives most of the drainage water was constructed to work to some degree as a silt trap.
Eliminating leachate and run-off through green construction All our greens are constructed with a sealed impervious plastic cover on the green floor to minimise leaching into the groundwater and to avoid capillary suction from the surrounds.
New fertilizer equipment New fertilizer equipment has been purchased. The new equipment works like a drop-seeder that lays the fertilizer down instead of "trowing it out" like the old centrifugal equipment does. This new equipment helps us to both minimize the fertilizer input and minimize the risk of polluting water bodies.
Mixing Tanks Our two mixing tanks have been moved to a new location. This is a permanent location with a spillage pool and sand filter.
New sprayer We have exchanged our old sprayer to a brand new one. Our new sprayer has better agitation, sonic booms and more precise application. Combined with the best low drift nozzles it helps us in lowering the risk of pollution to minimum. We tried different nozzles before we found the best low drift nozzles on the market.
Fertilizer in big bags We buy some of our fertilizer in 1000 kg big bags to minimize waste and time.
New turf nursery We have built a new turf nursery so we can become more self-sufficient when it comes to re-turfing our damaged areas. This will minimize the need to order turf from far away, reducing cost, time and freight.


We provide a beautifully maintained parkland area which is used for recreational purposes also in the "off-season". We keep the internal roads open for walking during the winter. The golfcourse divides the urban capitol from the surrounding forrests of Oslo.

We give the youngsters in the area an opportunity to learn to play golf, to excel in the sport and to become good athletes. Over 200 youngsters in organized training every year in addition to our approximately 1800 adult members.

We have a cafe that serves all kinds of food from the simple hot-dog , lasagne and hamburgers to fine dining with appropriate drinks on the side. Our clubhouse facilities are open to the general public so locals can come to the course to enjoy the clubhouse restaurant. It is also used for private functions such as birthday parties and weddings.

Oslo Golfklubb's ambition is to be a fantastic place to be at. Our facility shall be an arena for play, training and social activities in quality that surpasses any other golf course we want to compare ourselves with today and in the future.

Employment & Education

Typical staffing levels at this golf facility are:

Full Time Part Time Seasonal
Club Management 4
Course Management 5 14
Golf Coaching 4 2
Retail & Leisure 2

The sustainability working group at this golf facility is comprised of:

  • General Manager
  • Course Manager
  • Committee Members

Employees at this golf facility receive the following formal and informal environmental education:

Activity Description
Storage, application and disposal of pesticides All equipment and hazardous products are stored within the maintenance shed which is a fully bunded, concrete-floored building.
Dangerous substances are stored in a certified cabinet. Each applicator is licienced for the use of pesticides by the Norwegian Food Safety Authority.
Efficient water management All irrigation equipment is calibrated and checked for proper water dispersal annually, while watering throughout the season is kept to a minimum. Also hand watering is practiced to provide water only to areas where it is needed. Weather station and TDR moisture meter are used as guidance when calculating irrigation needs.
Management of accidents and emergencies Biannually first-aid course for entire staff. Evacuation plan in case of fire - two rehearsals yearly. Last first-aid course was held in May 2015.
Management of habitats and vegetation Greenkeeping staff lead by C.Jönsson with his degree from the Swedish university of acricultural science.
Waste minimization, separation and recycling We do recycling - paper, batteries and composting.
Health & Safety Staff is trained in safe use of machinery, equipment and products. Relevant staff trains at gym in the off-season as a preventative measure against injurees. Regular medicals for key staff. Staff is expected to comply with health and safety legislation. First aid courses for staff are held regularly.
Energy Saving Verbal communications regarding switching off lights, taps, good housekeeping etc maintains good practice by staff.
Understanding of landscape and cultural heritage New staff are given a book about the club's history and about the surrounding landscape and it's cultural heritage.
Environmental management planning All key staff participate in the environmental management planning.
Norwegian Greenkeeping Association Educational Programme Staff are given the opportunity to attend the yearly NGA. education programme the includes seminars on the environment and sustainable management on a regular basis.

Community Relations

This golf facility engages with local community groups in the following manner:

Activity Description
Neighbours The club has an ongoing dialog with the school next door. We also have field days once a year at the nearest shopping district where the club is introduced and tries to recruit new members. The club has a tyre service that is open to the public were many of our neighbours use that service. This service is lets us obtain a good relation with our neighbours.
Local Government The club has worked on establishing a network into the local government. The club has had good relations with the head of the local community and will continue its work in keeping those relations.
Local Environmental Groups A dialogue with local environment agency has been established as a resource for the management of the facility. They have people with expertise on different environmental issues that can valuable to us at certain times.
Local Community Groups Our general manager has held talks for the local history society.
Media Are informed continuously of interesting events in the club.
Local Businesses Oslo Golfclub offers excellent conference suite facilities, ideal for local businesses looking for a rural retreat to hold seminars, meetings or corporate event days.
Schools & Colleges Our golf pros provide golf training for the local primary school which is just a stone throw away. Wang college uses our facilities 2 times a week for both normal school education and golf education.

Land Use & Cultural Heritage

This golf facility provides access and diversified land use for others through:

Activity Description
Maintenance of existing public paths The public paths are maintained by the greenkeepers troughout the golfing seasons. The paths are open to the public and warning signs are in place at all entries to the golf course. The golf club tries to keep the paths open during winter for dog-walkers and skiers to use.
Creation of new paths and nature trails All the paths were upgraded in 2008, in conjunction with the ongoing course renovation that year. A new path has been created alongside the driving range to provide easier access for staff and the general public.
Installation of effective and welcoming signage A welcoming signage has been installed at the entrance of the clubhouse.
Providing opportunities for other recreation (e.g. fishing) The golf course is open to the general public when it's closed for play. The golf club tries to facilitate for proper puplic use of the area such as keep paths open and maintaining litter bins. Skiing tracks are made by the Norwegian skiing association when asked by the club.

No archaeological or heritage surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding the conservation of cultural heritage.

This golf facility does not undertake any activities to conserve cultural heritage features.


This golf facility undertakes the following internal environmental communications:

Activity Description
Provision of newsletters, notice boards & poster display Information to the members are mostly made digitally by e-mail and on the website.
The greenkeeper informs on signboards when spraying pesticides.
Members evenings and course walks Yearly welcoming meetings for new members.
Course guides / brochures Currently mostly relating to golf with a couple of pages about birds that thrive on the golf course. Current issue runs through 2016 and the plan is to uppgrate it from 2017 with more information about the wildlife and about the clubs GEO certification.
Interpretation panels & course signage A new sign was put up in 2013 by Bogstad lake overlooking Bogstad Manor. The sign describes a brief history of the manor and it's connection with the golf club. The club upgraded the litter bins in 2015 to fit in with the existing signage on the course.

This golf facility undertakes the following social and environmental advocacy activities:

Activity Description
Website, press releases & brochures The club's website and club magazine posts articles about GEO regularly. This is done to inform the members and other readers of what work is involved and why the club considers it is important to be certified.
Course walks / open days The golf course is open to the public from 1.December through to 31.March. The course does not close for walkers during golf season, although they are encouraged to beware of golfers and use the pathways.