Jinji Lake Golf Club

GEO Certified® 09/2017
Telephone: +86 512-62883427

In advance 2 weeks of communication, and after carefully refer to the documents and datum of the certification and application of the club, I came to visit Jinji Lake Golf Club on August 10th. I was with the general manager of the club, Mr. Li Dawei, the club director Miss Xu Wenxiu, and the course superintendent, Mr. Bao Zhenghui, for nearly an hours meeting. I had been communicating with them about the relevant issues of this certification renewal from GEO, and informations of the club certification needs to understand and confirm. After the…

Bingxiang Zhao, GEOSA, Accredited Verifier Read verifier report.

GEO Certified® Report

GEO Certified® is the symbol of great golf environments worldwide – designating that a golf facility has met a credible standard in the areas of Nature, Resources, Community, and is committed to continual improvement. GEO Certified® is widely trusted and endorsed by a growing number of organizations and people, both inside and outside golf.

Click below to read about the activities undertaken by this golf facility to operate sustainably.

Facility details

Golf Courses
Forest (9 holes, 3619 yards, year opened 2006)
Links (9 holes, 3654 yards, year opened 2006)
Wetlands (9 holes, 3672 yards, year opened 2006)
1 Clubhouse(s)
1 Maintenance Facility/Facilities
1 Pro Shop
1 Practice Facility/Facilities
1 Halfway House(s)
1 Other


Jinji Lake Golf Club has become not only a very quality recrational sports facility in the urban area, but also the environmental sanctuary of Suzhou Industrial Park. Club members share its 100 hectares with egrets,Common Pheasant, mandarin duck, hare and other wildlives. Since the grand opening in 2006, it gradually attracted a large number of birds and other wild animals,which made it as their important envirnmental shelters of the industrial park.


Consultation & Surveys

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding landscape heritage conservation.

No landscape assessments or surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding ecosystem protection and enhancement.

No ecological surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

Rare, protected and notable species occurring at this golf facility:

Local name Scientific name
白鹭 Egretta garzetta
雉鸡 Phasianus colchicus
鸳鸯 Aix galericula
夜鹭 Nycticorax nycticorax

This golf facility does not monitor any species as indicators of environmental quality.

Habitats & Designations

This golf facility features the following landscape designations:

Description Designating Authority
Historic Landscapes / Parklands Local government
Areas of Scenic Beauty Local government
Geological Local government

Area of habitats / vegetation types, and associated designations at this golf facility:

Title Estimated Area (Hectares) Designation
Rough 'ecological' grassland 8.71 Self Appointed
Scrub Vegetation 7.91 Self Appointed
Wetlands 25.14 Self Appointed
Open Water Features 17.62 Self Appointed


Size and estimated species composition of amenity turfgrass maintained at this golf facility.

Estimated Area (Hectares) Turfgrass Species Sward Composition (%)
Greens 2.2 Hectares Agrostis stolonifera / palustris 100%
Tees 1.6 Hectares Cynodon transvaalensis 100%
Fairways 15.5 Hectares Cynodon transvaalensis 100%
Semi Rough 50.0 Hectares Cynodon transvaalensis 100%

These turfgrasses are optimal for the circumstances at this club because:
Bermuda 419 (cynodon transvaalensis) for fairway and rough has been selected for local subtropical monsoon climate. The links Nine bermuda grass sward is framed by tall fescue rough. The tall fescue rough needs low mantainance, which lower our yearly maintenance budget. And the uniform grass of fairway and rough also ruduce the mantainance stress. We use creeping bentgrass A4 on greens fo its good performance of disease ,stress resistance and cold tolerance, and for its good playability.

This golf facility assesses mowing patterns every: 1 months

This golf facility consults the following individuals / organizations regarding its grassing plan:

  • IMG

This golf facility is making the following efforts to manage the playing quality expectations of customers:

Activity Description
Establishing clear internal policies for irrigation, fertilization, colour, cutting heights, overseeding etc We have internal IPM manual which sets operational processes, frequency and integrated pest management strandards for the course. Consistently applied turf management operations are based on real rather than historical data.
Promoting the playing quality values of more naturalized turf, particularly fairways and semi-rough Our Links nine, features Tall Fescue out of play Rough which is totally naturlized. The Fescue rough is not irrigated or fertilized and is never mown.
Promoting the financial benefits of presenting sustainable surfaces We try to manage only the area required for playability and to match our members enjoyment, which is taken into consideration when formulating our maintenance budget.
Improving customer understanding around greens maintenance We publish a monthly newsletter extolling the virtues of our course maintenance practices. We use this to inform our members about our cultural practices, mowing regimes, chemical use and also wider environmental activities.
Demonstrating the direct relationship between environmental best practice and year round high quality playing surfaces IMG has been leading Jinji Lake Golf Club since its inception, to become one of the most well managed and professional maintained golf course in China. We have become one of the top Private Clubs in the country in quality and service by providing a more environmentally sound golf course to our members.

Conservation & Enhancement

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve landscape character:

Activity Description
Allowing seasonal variation of course coloration and texture We do not overseed the entire golf course, and as the Bermuda grass to goes dormant in the winter, we allow for a mojority of the course to be off colour, and green up naturally in the spring. In 2010, we have planted hundreds of shrubs and habitat patches for the texuring and also enlarge habitat areas for bird and small animals on the course.
Appropriately matching mowing lines to contours We have distinctive contoured fairways on Links Course but relatively flat landscape on Forest Course and Wetlands Course. We try to use those liitle contours we have and accentuate them through carefully planned mowing patterns.
Discreet on-course signage and furniture We try to use as many environmentally friendly products as we can to create a human-nature harmony atomosphere in the club. Our tee signage is made from local rock, and is low level.
Screening and softening unsightly man-made features As our Forest nine has lights for night golf with telescopic poles, we have planted trees and shrubs around the light posts block them from view.
Landscape Our landscape is 100% engineered, and it's easier for us to renovate it by careful planing. Our future plan will be focus on enhancing the individual character for our Wetlands course and Forest courses.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the landscape ecology of the golf course:

Activity Description
Increasing the size of habitat patches We added several habitat patches along fairways and roughs, which connect part of internal habitat areas for birds and other wild animals.
Creation of habitat corridors We create corridors along the lake banks to connect each habitat area by keeping the easements along the canals natural for wildlife to traverse.
Avoidance of habitat fragmentation We renovate those poor habitat patches along cart paths of wetlands course to avoid habitat fragmentation.
Improving and diversifying habitat edges we plant different species of brushes and small arbors between water harzard and landscaping zone

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the quality of habitats on the golf course:

Activity Description
Creation of botanically rich rough grassland We have tall fascue as rough grassland of Links course, which needs minimal maintenance and also serves as a habitat for wildlife.
Maintenance of an appropriate balance of open water and aquatic vegetation We trim the aquatic plants once a year, which occupied a large area of water hazard surfaces,to supply necessary spaces for aquatics to thive.
Naturalization of linear habitats We try to avoid machinary impact on the habitat areas.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve and enhance biodiversity on the golf course:

Activity Description
Diversify the buffer zones We try to diversify the the buffer zones surrounding the wetlands to improve the biodiversity of the golf course and increase the naturalization of the landscaping


Jinji Lake golf club is located between Jinji Lake and Dushu Lake, the plenty of water from Dushu Lake insure the water supply for irrigation system.The grass species and choice of planting at Jinji Lake are appropriate for transitional climate of Suzhou industrial park, which is the fundamental support for water saving program. we only water our golf courses when we need to ,preferring a more firm and fast approach riding the edge of wilt. We try to set those variable heads to only water the turf and oranmental plantings without throwing into the cart pathes and lakes.

We strictly control the pesticide usage along the banks of water hazards,rivers and lakes to minimize the damage to the water source of Dushu Lake and Jinji Lake.

Sources & Consumption

No water audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

The water used at this golf facility is drawn from the following sources:

2016 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 24,286,390 Litres
Golf Course Surface 100% 459,206,528 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Surface 100% 3,250,000 Litres
2015 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 22,650,810 Litres
Golf Course Surface 100% 433,257,696 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Surface 100% 3,200,000 Litres
2014 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 19,694,580 Litres
Golf Course Surface 100% 501,289,792 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Surface 100% 3,300,000 Litres

Irrigation & Efficiency

The following areas receive irrigation at this golf facility:

Greens Daily in season
Tees 2-3 days per week
Fairways 2-3 days per week
Rough 2-3 days per week
Other Never

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:
Fully computer controlled

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

Serviced every 1 months

Upgraded every 1 years

Re-calibrated and checked for efficient application every 1 years

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to maximize irrigation efficiency:

Activity Description
Selection of grass species We plant Tall Fescue on the rough of the Links Course, which receives no formal irrigation thoughout the year. It's survival depends only on rainfall.
Soil decompaction and thatch management We hollow tine three times a year and deep solid tines five times a year on greens, aprons and tees. We hollow tine twice a year fairways.
Timing and dose of water application We only water our golf courses when requires, prefering to provide a more firm and fast approach. We irrigate fairways 15-18 minutes in the evening when required, and 12 minutes for greens and aprons when required and depending on the time of year, wind and weather.
Analysis of soil moisture We check our soil moisture levels on a daily basis.
Incorporation of evapotranspiration rates and weather data The TORO site pro control system provides daily ET rates and weather datas, which also stores them for later review.
Use of wetting agents We use wetting agents throughout the golf courses to improve water efficency and to combat isolated dry spots.
Overall reduction in irrigated area we changed some rough area to plant landscaping plants
Targeting of sprinkler heads We adjust sprinkler heads to only target the area which need to be irrigated.
Optimizing system pressure System pressure is checked regularly
Adoption of cutting edge nozzle technology Our spinkler nozzles are the latest technology available.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve / reduce / minimize water consumption:

Activity Description
Low-flow urinals and toilets We have low-flow urinals and toilets in Club house, half houses, golf academy and GCM facility.
Repairing leaks Any leaks are detected quickly and dealt with by Engineering Department. The bathrooms are checked several times a day by Cleaners at the main facilites and on the courses.


Our plan and goals are to reduce our energy consumption as much as possible. We take special care when buying machines for maintenance or other devices that they are environmentally friendly and use a minimal amount of energy. We use energy-saving light bulbs and central air-conditioning system. We try to use all kinds of energy saving measures to reduce energy consumption year by year.

Sources & Consumption

No energy surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consume any renewable energy or resources.

Consumption of non-renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2016 2015 2014
Diesel (Litres) 20064.67 19885.6 21211.23
Hydraulic Oil (Litres) 234 306 450
Natural Gas (Litres) 79479.95 97755.73 84723.49
Non-renewable Grid (kWh) 2029332.5 2145331.9 2236476.1
Petrol (Litres) 14452.95 14138.18 18813.69

Energy Efficiency

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to diversify energy and fuel supply:

Activity Description
Use of electric hybrid vehicles we have 6 mowers are electric hybrid vehicles

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to reduce energy consumption:

Activity Description
Optimizing thermostat levels for heating and refrigeration We set our air conditioning systems to provide suitable temperature levels in the Summer and Winter in the public use areas, and lower levels in the back of house.
Enhancement of natural ventilation opportunities We promote natural ventilation inside buildings during the transiton season.
Upgrading of building insulation We upgrade our building insulation in the consideration of improving energy efficiency.
Use of natural light (e.g. sunlight pipes) Our club house features large double glazed windows to provide as much natural light as possible.
Installation of low-energy lighting We start the program of lighting renovation since 2006, the old lighting system was replaced by low-energy lightings
Educating staff and customers We promote energy conservation by posting energy saving tips and posters in the club house.

Vehicles & Transport

The maintenance fleet at this golf facility uses the following fuel sources:

Ride-on Mowers Walking Mowers Utility Vehicles
Petrol 100% 44%
Diesel 100% 24%
Grid Electric 32%

Additional vehicles operated by this golf facility use the following fuel sources:

Golf Carts Cars Buses
Petrol 100%
Grid Electric 100%

This golf facility has established the following schemes to encourage reductions in staff and customer transport emissions:

Activity Description
Group transportation (e.g. buses) We supply daily bus for our staff.
Secure cycle parking Many staff ride bicycles or e-bikes or suzhou public bicycles to work, and we provide a secured shelter for parking.
Promoting public transport routes and timetables We set timetables by working schedule for daily buses
Increasing equipment storage (e.g. lockers) Lockers are provided at changing rooms for all employees of the golf course.
Staff showers We provide staff showers for maintenance crew and club house staff to use.

Supply Chain

We put environmental friendly practices as a top consideration when purchasing pesticides and equipement for the golf course. The grass clippings returned on tees, fairways and roughs, and the greens clippings are removed weekly for use in a local compost, in order that we can avoid accumulative pollution on the land. With our wood chipper, we recycle twigs, branches, water sprouts and other landscaping biological wastes, which will be chipped into small pieces and used on our landcape beds. We carefully set yearly fertilizer plan to reduce the chance for leaching of phosophurs and nitrogen in the lakes and canals that eventually lead to Dushu Lake and Jinji Lake. At these areas around lakes, we carefully use hand sprayer when we have to apply pesticide, by which we try our best to minimum the pollution to the open water.

Purchasing Policies

This golf facility undertakes the following ethical / environmental purchasing activities:

Activity Description
Measures to avoid waste at source We do not use grass catchers on our fairway, rough and tee mowers so all the clippings are returned. Only greens grass clippings are collected.
Use of local suppliers Majority of our suppliers are local companies.
Use of local products We certainly use the local products if the quality and quantity are available.
Use of recycled and recyclable products We try to use recyled products where possible
Selection of products that feature minimal packaging Where possible
Use of accredited suppliers (e.g. ISO 14001) Where possible

Supply Chain

An overview of the supplier network at this golf facility:

Total number of suppliers Total number of suppliers within 10 Kilometres Total number of suppliers within 100 Kilometres
Food & Beverage 15 14 1
Catering Supplies 3 2
Retail 12 2 5
Maintenance Equipment 16 4 11
Course Supplies 16 4 3

Turfgrass Inputs

This golf facility undertakes the following IPM activities:

Activity Description
Encouraging drought and disease tolerant grasses We have bermuda 419 fairways and roughs, which are noted for tolerating sustained periods of drought and have excellent disease resistance.
Managing stress and wear Cutting hights are always carefully assessed and considered by the change of weather. Aerifications several times a year and traffic control around courses is a priority to alleviate both the stress and wear.
Enhancement of soil structure Routine operations on greens, tees, fairways and roughs such as aerification, topdressing and rolling are the guarantee of our good soil condition. We also apply wetting agents to improve soil permeability if necessary.
Managing thatch levels Verticutting, aerification and sand top-dressing are three main operations we use to reduce thatch levels.
Managing surface moisture Irrigation is applied on an as required basis.
Establishing thresholds for pests and disease We have set thresholds for pest and disease levels
Greens - Disease free - 99%. Pest free - 95%
Tees - Disease free - 98%. Pest free - 95%
Fairways - Disease free - 98%. Pest free - 95%
Roughs - Disease free - 95%. Pest free - 90%
Natural Rough Grassland - No applications of chemical in place.
Scouting for pests and diseases Daily checking is carried out.
Monitoring / improvement of plant health This is a constant part of our agronomic plan.

Fertilizer use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2016 2015 2014
Fairways - K - Inorganic 76.8 77.6 77.5
Fairways - N - Inorganic 162.2 163.4 165.4
Fairways - P - Inorganic 53 53.2 54
Greens - K - Inorganic 233 236 237.4
Greens - K - Organic 45.5 45.5 45.5
Greens - N - Inorganic 170.6 176.3 180
Greens - N - Organic 22.7 22.7 22.7
Greens - P - Inorganic 22 22 23.6
Greens - P - Organic 9 9 9
Rough - K - Inorganic 28.3 28.8 29.2
Rough - N - Inorganic 96 96.8 97.4
Rough - P - Inorganic 14.4 14.6 14.1
Tees - K - Inorganic 79.6 80.3 81
Tees - N - Inorganic 216 220 218.6
Tees - P - Inorganic 66 69 68

Pesticide use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2016 2015 2014
Fairways - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 3 3.3 3.3
Fairways - Herbicide - Total Weight 9.1 10 10
Fairways - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 3 3 3
Fairways - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 4 4 4
Fairways - Insecticide - Total Weight 20 20 20
Fairways - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 4 4 4
Greens - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 116 110 112
Greens - Fungicide - Total Weight 256 245 251
Greens - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 15 14 15
Greens - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 40 42 40
Greens - Insecticide - Total Weight 350 368 348
Greens - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 8 8 7
Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 3 3.3 3.3
Rough - Herbicide - Total Weight 9.1 10 10
Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 3 3 3
Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 4 4 4
Rough - Insecticide - Total Weight 20 20 20
Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 4 4 4
Tees - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 3 3.3 3.3
Tees - Herbicide - Total Weight 9.1 10 10
Tees - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 3 3 3
Tees - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 4 4 4
Tees - Insecticide - Total Weight 20 20 20
Tees - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 4 4 4

This golf facility undertakes the following actions to optimize pesticide use:

Activity Description
Selection of appropriate products for specific pests and diseases Apply only targeted applications specific to pest or disease
Spot-treatment with handheld sprayers and wipers Yes, spot treatment applications are carried out.
Calibration and testing of sprayers Regular calibration and testing of spray equipment is carried out.
Use of shrouded sprayer and anti-drip nozzles Yes, anti-drip nozzles are utilized
Non-chemical weed control Cultural practices in place where possible

Waste Management

No waste audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility manages key waste streams as follows:

Re-use Recycle Landfill Incinerate
Glass false false false false
Plastic false false false false
Aluminium false false false false
Metal false false false false
Paper & Cardboard false false false false
Grass Clippings false false false false
Cores & Turf false false false false
Sand false false false false
Wood / Timber true false false false

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to continue the lifecycle of materials and resources:

Activity Description
Separation of recyclable materials Recyclable materials are speperated.
Returning clipping to fairways and walkways Yes in place.
Education of staff and customer education ongoing education for appropriate environmental practices

Pollution Control

Jinji Lake Golf Club is built on reclaimed land adjacent to Dushu Lake and Jinji Lake. The site now provides a habitat to several species of birds and small wild animals. Under the consideration of its function as the envirnmental shelter of the city, we try several approaches to make Jinji Lake Golf Club as the suitable shelter for all kinds of birds and small wild animals. We try to connect those fragmented habitat patches for providing a liner shelter for animals; we try to minimize the maintain impact on those area; we try to formally or informally educate our staffs and members to being friendly to the living animals on the course; we strictly control the consumption and water quality, the use of chemicals and fertilizers,waste production and risk issues.

Water Analysis

This golf facility monitors water quality with the following frequency:

Chemical Biological Visual
Inflow Yearly Yearly Daily
On-Site Yearly Yearly Daily
Outflow Yearly Yearly Daily

Waste Water

Waste water from this golf facility is managed as follows:

Discharges to Formal Discharge Agreement
Golf Course Irrigation Reservoir N/A
Clubhouse Mains Sewer Yes
Maintenance Facility Mains Sewer Yes
Wash Pad Mains Sewer Yes

Hazardous Materials

This golf facility does not handle or dispose of hazardous materials..

Pollution Prevention

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution from its maintenance facility and clubhouse:

Activity Description
Storage of equipment and hazardous products on covered, sealed impervious areas All equipment and hazardous products are stored in sealed impervious lockable buildings.
Maintenance of equipment on covered, sealed impervious areas Yes, the maintenance of equipment is carried out on sealed impervious surfaces.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers in covered areas Yes
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers over impervious surfaces Yes
Installation of above-ground fuel tanks No
Installation of sufficient secondary containment for fuel Yes, in line with local government regulations

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution on its golf course:

Activity Description
Eliminating leachate and run-off through careful timing of turf inputs Weather is taken into account for all product applications.
Establishment of vegetative buffer strips around water bodies Aquatic plants and rough grasses are in place throughout the golf course.
Controlling erosion and sediment discharge All areas on the course are planted with some form of vegetation to avoid sediment run off.
Establishment of pesticide-free zones Yes, the Tall Fesuce rough on the Links course is never sprayed with pesticides.


Jinji Lake Golf Club is under the anthority of the government of Suzhou Industrial Park , which is considered as one of the future city developing program. It not only supply a very quality recrational sports facilities, improve the value of surrounding land, it also promote the local employment and supply an urban habitat for birds and other wild animals.
we consider the relationship with stakeholders such as members,suppliers,employees and surrounding communities as one of the most important aspects of its performance. The promotion of local employment is one of the objectives pursured, because most of the employees of the golf course lives in the region. Moreover, the activity of golf supports many other local activities and increase the indirect local employment, as suppliers,shops and restaurants,among others.
The staff of Jinji Lake Golf Club has all the conditions necessary for the performance of their duties, and other additional benefits such as canteen, transportation,lunch subsidy,implementation of actions and events for employees and their families,uniforms,health insurance,check-ups to regular health care,vaccination,water and fruit available all day,among many others. To ensure the necessary skills to their jobs and enrich their skills, the employee of Jinji Lake Golf Club receive the following formal and informal environmental education: pesticide storage,application and disposal,efficient water management,emergencies/accident management,habitat and vegetaion management,waste minimisation,separation and recycling, health and safty,energy,landscape and cultural heritage issues,environmental management planning. And the golf course keeps formal staff training records for all departments.


Employment & Education

Typical staffing levels at this golf facility are:

Full Time Part Time Seasonal
Club Management 10
Course Management 36 16
Food & Beverage 18 2
Golf Coaching 5 1
Retail & Leisure 4
Caddies 107
Other 74

The sustainability working group at this golf facility is comprised of:

  • Owner
  • General Manager
  • Course Manager
  • Technical Specialist
  • Local Government
  • IMG-Management Company

Employees at this golf facility receive the following formal and informal environmental education:

Activity Description
Storage, application and disposal of pesticides We have strict provisions for storage, application and disposal of pesticides.
Efficient water management We prefer to use hand watering to improve the efficiency of water usage on the course and encourage staff to join in the water saving program as the local goverment promote every year.
Management of accidents and emergencies During the orientation and annual Safety precaution conference, the management of accidents and emergencies is the top issue of staff training.
Management of habitats and vegetation We keep following the principle that all the operations on the course should have the minimum impact on the habitats and vegetation area.
Waste minimization, separation and recycling We promote paper and plastic recycling program in the office and landscaping debris recycling program on the course.
Health & Safety We have annual safety precaution conference for fire drill and course maintanence equipment safety training.
Energy Saving We try to install efficient lighting and other appliance in club house, halfway house, on course WC and maintenance facility in order to reduce energy consumption.
Understanding of landscape and cultural heritage The lakes surrounding the golf course are for public use, so protection of these features is of the utmost importance.
Environmental management planning We follow the IMG environment policy and environmentally friendly management practices.

Community Relations

This golf facility engages with local community groups in the following manner:

Activity Description
Schools & Colleges our club offer some internship position for student every year

Land Use & Cultural Heritage

This golf facility does not provide access and diversified land use for others.

No archaeological or heritage surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding the conservation of cultural heritage.

This golf facility does not undertake any activities to conserve cultural heritage features.


This golf facility undertakes the following internal environmental communications:

Activity Description
Provision of newsletters, notice boards & poster display All staff and members of the club are updated on our environmental efforts.
Course guides / brochures We have GEO brochure called \"Beyond 18th\" as the GEO program education material for members and employees.

This golf facility does not undertake any social and environmental advocacy activities.