Bearwood Lakes Golf Club

GEO Certified® 07/2012 GEO Re-Certified 06/2017
England, United Kingdom
Telephone: 01189797900

Bearwood Lakes Golf Club’s sustainable working group, including its progressive and responsible owner, managing director, head greenkeeper and supportive club members, plainly demonstrate positive environmental values, attitudes and actions for more responsible and sustainable golf. Bearwood Lakes Golf Club is clearly a high quality golf course that works with and is built upon a wonderful, clean and healthy natural environment and a very high standard of environmental stewardship on the golf course, which is also recognised as a top 100 golf…

Dino Minoli, GEOSA, Accredited Verifier Read verifier report.

GEO Certified® Report

GEO Certified® is the symbol of great golf environments worldwide – designating that a golf facility has met a credible standard in the areas of nature, water, energy, supply chain, pollution control, and community, and is committed to continually improve. GEO Certified® is widely trusted and endorsed by a growing number of organizations and people, both inside and outside golf.

Click below to read about the activities undertaken by this golf facility to operate sustainably.

Facility details

Golf Courses
Bearwood Lakes (18 holes, 6850 yards, year opened 1996)
1 Clubhouse(s)
1 Maintenance Facility/Facilities
1 Pro Shop
1 Practice Facility/Facilities
1 Halfway House(s)
1 Other


For close to one thousand years Bearwood estate was part of Windsor Great Park, hunting grounds of the Kings of England since the 11th century. In the mid 19th century the estate was acquired by John Walter III, founder of The Times newspaper. In 1860 he built the magnificent mansion that can be seen across the lake from 14th tee. He also created the glorious parkland landscape from which the golf course has evolved.

Designed by Guy Hockley, under the direction of Martin Hawtree, Bearwood Lakes meanders through a backdrop of mature pines, beech and oak trees with water coming into play on many holes. The site features a 55 acre lake that hosts a wide variety of aquatic life and birds. The landscape character is defined by pine woodland with tracts of indigenous deciduous trees.

Many birds can be seen here including hobby's, kingfishers, lapwings, tawny owls, geese and a large population of swans.We have quite a large population of grass snakes and slow worms that tend to lay their eggs in the wood chip mound near our compound. Signs are in place to ensure they are not disturbed during the hatching season. Its very rare but has been known to see the occasional adder amongst the heathland.

Heathland development is a key feature the current management plan which we are trying to develop all the time. By topping off the heather each year we promote more growth to existing areas, as well as creating new areas from scratch. We have twenty bird boxes around the course that are in use for the majority of time including one owl box and three bat box.

Consultation & Surveys

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding landscape heritage conservation:

  • STRI - landscape and ecological management plan
  • Countryside consultants
  • STRI - investigation to the ecological management of the water features of BLGC
  • Environment Agency

The following landscape assessments and surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Ecological Survey of a proposed irrigation reservoir STRI 2015/07/02
Tree Management Programme and Method statement STRI 2015/07/02
Arboricultural Method Statement STRI Richard Stuttard 2015/07/31
Ecological Mitigation Plan/Landscaping Plan STRI Richard Stuttard 2015/07/31

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding ecosystem protection and enhancement.

The following ecological surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Ecology and Landscape Managment Plan STRI 2007/07/01 Download
Ecology and Landscape Management Plan STRI - Richard Stuttard 2015/07/02

Rare, protected and notable species occurring at this golf facility:

Local name Scientific name
Lime Trees Tilia cordata
Red Kite Milvus milvus
grass snake Natrix natrix
Hobby Falco subbuteo
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo

This golf facility regularly monitors the following species as indicators of environmental quality:

Local name Scientific name
Mirror carp Cyprinus carpio
common carp Cyprinus carpio

Habitats & Designations

This golf facility features the following landscape designations:

Description Designating Authority
Historic Landscapes / Parklands Windsor Great Park - Wokingham Borough Council
Walters Estate Natural England / English Heritage

Area of habitats / vegetation types, and associated designations at this golf facility:

Title Estimated Area (Hectares) Designation
Rough 'ecological' grassland 8 None
Scrub Vegetation 6 None
Native Woodland 40 Local Government
Wetlands 1 None
Open Water Features 20 None
Heather and other dwarf shrub communities 0.5 None


Size and estimated species composition of amenity turfgrass maintained at this golf facility.

Estimated Area (Hectares) Turfgrass Species Sward Composition (%)
Greens 1.3 Hectares Poa annua 95%
Agrostis stolonifera / palustris 5%
Tees 1.0 Hectares Poa annua 50%
Lolium perenne 45%
Fairways 11.0 Hectares Poa annua 50%
Lolium perenne 45%
Semi Rough 4.0 Hectares Lolium perenne 45%
Poa annua 50%

These turfgrasses are optimal for the circumstances at this club because:
When the course opened the greens where sown with 100% bent grass (Agrostis stolonifera), in an effort to provide the best putting surface possible. Over time poa annua has invaded the sward. Our current management philosophy is to mange the poa annua to be as hardy as possible, whilst always trying to introduce bent into the greens. Our target is a 50/50 bent / poa mix which a sustainable and realistic target. This achieved by appropriate cultural management with particular emphasis on soil moisture and fertility.

The use of lolium perenne on our teeing areas is to take advantage of its hard wearing nature and quick recovery characteristics - very important due to the high amount of traffic they receive. The use of festuca rubra on tees and fairways is a great benefit in summer due to its drought tolerance. Its a fine grass species, which creates fantastic playing characteristics in all seasons and requires less water primarily due to the leaf architecture. .

This golf facility assesses mowing patterns every: 1 months

This golf facility consults the following individuals / organizations regarding its grassing plan:

  • Andrew Whittaker
  • Guy Hockley - Architect
  • Lee Penrose - STRI Ecologist
  • Richard Stuttard - STRI Ecologist
  • Countryside Consultants
  • Sean Haynes
  • Dave Fulton - Aquatic Services

This golf facility is making the following efforts to manage the playing quality expectations of customers:

Activity Description
Establishing clear internal policies for irrigation, fertilization, colour, cutting heights, overseeding etc Irrigation is applied only when necessary. Soil moisture probes and weather stations are used to apply water only to recover lost water in ET. Our fertiliser programme is designed to ensure playing surfaces are the best they can be year-round, without using unnecessary resources. The colour of playing surfaces depends on time of the year. In summer fairways and semi rough are allowed to 'brown off' according to climatic conditions to create different playing options for members. Iron is utilised in our spray program as this greens up the leaf for a better looking surface.
Promoting the playing quality values of more naturalized turf, particularly fairways and semi-rough By keeping the fairways slightly longer, they are staying greener and healthier with less watering and fertilser requirement. This is communicated to the members in various ways, such as a turf blog, members newsletters, a presentation at the AGM, general member communication by staff, social media via twitter.
Promoting the financial benefits of presenting sustainable surfaces We try to manage only the areas required for playability and to match our members enjoyment, which is taken into consideration when formulating our maintenance budget.We aim to make all playing surfaces as good as we can with the materials we have. Communication to the members takes place regularly to ensure they understand that we will try to create top quality conditions at the lowest price possible. Also see examples above.
Improving customer understanding around greens maintenance We put the two maintenance weeks in the diary at the start of the year so members are aware when major maintenance is taking place to the course. We also publish a golf course maintenance blog at and use various member communication tools including a daily sign on the first tee describing the Green Staffs work for that day.
The course manager is always available to communicate to members about the golf course and presents a yearly report to all the members at the AGM
Demonstrating the direct relationship between environmental best practice and year round high quality playing surfaces We aim to produce quality playing surfaces all year round but at the same time looking after the enviroment.We make our own compost to top dress areas that have been worn throughout winter and re use any hollow-cores from greens renovation to promote growth in weak areas and fill in any holes. This is communicated regularly through various channels to the members and the management. Examples, such as recycling of metals, creates finance which can be used to purchase new tools to improve efficiency.

Conservation & Enhancement

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve landscape character:

Activity Description
Allowing seasonal variation of course coloration and texture The majority of rough will brown off in summer. Also some high spots on fairways are allowed to brown off as they will not hold water. The variation of trees througout the autumn months also gives a stunning range of colours around the golf course.
Appropriately matching mowing lines to contours Mowing lines were decided at the start of the course grow in by the architect and the course manager.All fairways follow the natural path of the course with some tweaks each year to keep them to the original plan.Also landing zones were taken into consideration.
Protection and restoration of historic features The site of the golf course used to be part of Windsor Great Park. Bearwood Lakes is listed as part of Windsor Great Park and the club is proud to fulfil all its obligations to care for and preserve landscape features. There are no bunker on the lake holes to help retain the natural look of the landscape.
Discreet on-course signage and furniture Our golf course signage is very small and discretely positioned. Benches all have a natural look. Litter bins are discreet but well positioned for golfers to find and use them.
Conservation of specimen trees We have twenty red wood (Sequoia Sempervirens) which are managed each year in accordance with our woodland management program that also takes care of the large variety of trees we have at Bearwood Lakes. There are 15 mature lime trees on the 16th hole which are part of a TPO. These trees are managed by Wentworth Tree Care.
Screening and softening unsightly man-made features Our maintenance compound is screened by a large mound so it is not seen from the road or the golf course. This soil was used from the lake excavation on the 9th hole to ensure no wastage was created and no external haulage was used.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the landscape ecology of the golf course:

Activity Description
Minimizing the amount of amenity grass In areas of the golf course we have grown the fairways in to reduce the amount of amenity grass e.g. 18th and 7th .With the application of Rescue in the long rough it has eradicated the amount of non native grass in these areas.Allowing the natural grasses to come through. Some areas have been reduced in size to lessen mowing and inputs. One example of this is the side of the 14th tees.
Increasing the size of habitat patches We have increased the size of the native rough which serves as excellent wildlife corridors from woodland to woodland. We have also built four eco piles and wood chip piles in the woodland ares to promote habitat.
Connection of internal habitat patches Indigenous grassland is used to connect woodland patches, enabling wildlife to maintain cover from predators.
Connection of patches with external habitats By connecting the patches of rough grassland and managing the woodland around the site perimiter wildlife from external habitats is encouraged to nest and feed on the golf course.
Creation of habitat corridors The long rough supports corridors all over the course.
Avoidance of habitat fragmentation see above
Improving and diversifying habitat edges Introducing wild flower to grassland on holes 14 and 17 to increase polinators

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the quality of habitats on the golf course:

Activity Description
Creation of botanically rich rough grassland We took part in operation bumble bee a couple of years ago.This operation involved having six trial plots all consisting of differnt't types of treated soils ie Rescue application,Primo Maxx application,turf stripped,Primo Maxx plus scarification,scarification and left natural.Then were all sown with wild flower seeds.It turned out that the turf strip was the best one for growing the wild flowers.Over the last six years we have been trying to promote the heathland around the course.It has always had some heather but it needed topping to allow the seed heads to spread and germinate.
Ecologically informed management of scrub vegetation The lake is managed yearly to allows new growth of vegetation year after year. We have a on going plan to keep the heather on our course regenerating to promote healthy growth and a good habitat for wildlife.There is a heather bank on the 6th that we top off yearly to promote the growth and encourage it to spread.
Promoting species and structurally diverse woodlands We are currently undertaking an extensive five year planting programme in line with our STRI ecology and landscape management plan
Establishment of littoral shelves and marginal vegetation in wetland areas two small wetland ponds are located on the 5th and 13th holes
Maintenance of an appropriate balance of open water and aquatic vegetation All three lakes are managed yearly to ensure the provision of diverse habitats.
Reed bed management on 13 and 14 inline with STRI management plan

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve and enhance biodiversity on the golf course:

Activity Description
Provision of nesting and nectar for pollinators Two years ago we established wildflower trial plots to promote the bumblebee population around the golf course. In this time the population has flourished to the extent that we occasionally have to transfer nests away from areas of heavy golfer traffic.
Installation of nest boxes There are twenty bird boxes around the golf course at various hights and on various species of tree. We have also installed three bat boxes high in the scots pine. An owl box is also present on the course but we're not presently sure if it is in use.
Provision of feeding tables Feeding tables have been introduced at the half way house with feeders
Control / management of alien species We are in regular communication with Natural England with regard to the Canada, Egyptian and Greylag geese population on Bearwood Lake. If numbers get too high, this may endanger golfers and the public with feaces coming into contact with human skin.
Himalayan Balsom is removed before it seeds to prevent it spreading
Provision of hibernation areas There are areas of woodland on the course that are protected by us as we're aware of a badger set present in the area. In our wood chip piles grass snakes have been laying eggs so we have stopped using the wood chip to encourage growth of this population.
Creation of micro-habitats (eg log and stone piles) We have three stratigically placed eco wood piles to promote the habitat of small animals.


Water from the Bearwood Estate moves naturally through a series of drains and ditches towards the Upper Lake and Bearwood Lake. Bearwood Lake is used as a water storage reservoir for irrigation water on the golf course. Total water usage per year is 26,850m3 with restrictions set by the Environment Agency for daily and monthly usage. There are many operations in place to reduce the amount of water used on the golf course

Irrigation water is applied to greens, tees, approachs, fairways and some important playing areas.

Mains water is use for the clubhouse requirements. Waste water is treated and returned to Bearwood Lake for use as irrigation water.

In winter if the main Bearwood lake is full it flows out of a weir contributing to Emmbrook which flows into the River Loddon which is tributary to the River Thames.

We are not known to be on a flood plain but we do our best each year to improve drainage. Drainage water is, in all cases re-directed to Bearwood Lake and is reused for irrigation.

We have applied for and are in the process of obtaining planning permission to increase our storage of rain/run off/reclaimed water in a large new reservoir, to be built near the maintenance facility. This will increase the amount of water we can draw during the winter months which will in turn help maintain the levels of the main lake which will ease the pressure on the weir and enable much more refined and enhanced water management during the summer months when the pressure on the irrigation system increases.

Sources & Consumption

The following water audits have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Irrigation system Evaluation Irritech 2009/05/01

The water used at this golf facility is drawn from the following sources:

2016 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 3,075,000 Litres
Golf Course Surface 100% 22,491,000 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Surface 355,000 Litres
2015 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 3,348,000 Litres
Golf Course Surface 100% 24,000,000 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Surface 100% 350,890 Litres
2014 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 2,763,000 Litres
Golf Course Surface 100% 25,000,000 Litres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Surface 100% 365,000 Litres

Irrigation & Efficiency

The following areas receive irrigation at this golf facility:

Greens 2-3 days per week
Tees 2-3 days per week
Fairways Weekly
Semi-Rough Weekly
Rough Never
Other 2-3 days per week
Other Daily

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:
Fully computer controlled

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

Serviced every 6 months

Upgraded every 1 years

Re-calibrated and checked for efficient application every 1 years

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to maximize irrigation efficiency:

Activity Description
Selection of grass species The use of drought tolerant fescues on the major playing surfaces (greens fairways and approaches) helps to reduce irrigation needs.
Soil decompaction and thatch management We have two course maintenance weeks in the calender where we do our major greens renovations i.e. hollow coring greens and scarifying tees and greens. This allows us to remove thatch and minimise the amount of water required to keep the greens in good shape. We also aerate and verti-cut throughout the year to manage thatch and decompact the soil on our greens. A large verti-drain is used on the rest of the course during winter months to relieve compaction.
Timing and dose of water application Working with our weather station we are able to record the ET rate which allows us to calculate how water we have lost throughout the day. We try to minmise water usage as much as possible. A lot of the greens are hand watered throughout the warmer months to save water. The areas that are watered on the greens are the dry parts rather than a blanket irrigation at night, however all irrigation is undertaken at night when needed to ensure minimal ET loss.
Analysis of soil moisture We use a soil moisture probe on our greens in the height of summer to identify and then hand water any areas that fall below 15% VMC.
Incorporation of evapotranspiration rates and weather data Our weather station calculates evapotranspiration and we use this to inform evening irrigation.
Use of wetting agents Soil surfactants are used reguarly over the whole golf course to hold moisture in the soil. With our sand based greens these wetting agents assist a great deal. Fairways are usually the first to exhibit symptoms of dry patch in summer so we put down 3 applications a year to retain moisture in the soil.
Targeting of sprinkler heads Sprinkler heads are checked regularly to ensure we are optimising our water usage. At the start of every season we check the arc of each sprinkler to make sure we are only watering the areas we want to. We now are looking to employ and irrigation tech to futher ensure this is accurate.
Optimizing system pressure We do regular nozzle checks to make sure we are putting out the right pressure. We have four different zones and we can only run four sprinklers in each zone so they have the right pressure going to them to give the right output. The system is also serviced twice a year and the main output pressure is checked daily.
Adoption of cutting edge nozzle technology All our sprinkler heads are head to head to ensure uniformity and are checked daily in the summer. We work closely with Toro and Rainbird to ensure that we are always using the most efficient nozzle techinology.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve / reduce / minimize water consumption:

Activity Description
Low-flow urinals and toilets Have been recently installed in the greens department. All new clubhouse toilets will be fitted with these in the future. The recently refurbished toilets do have the sensor flushing urinals and low flush facility on the toilets.
Use of water efficient appliances Use of weather station and soil moisture probes on a regular basis to ensure water use is minimised.
Use of efficient shower technology New showers are water efficient; new pumps have been installed on the water heater so water is heated much quicker, thus saving water and energy.
Repairing leaks Any leaks on the golf course from sprinkler heads and pipes are fixed soon as they are discovered. The golf course is checked daily for leaks and any other irrigation problems.
Any water leaks in the clubhouse are attended to immediately by the onsite maintenance department/plumber.
Water awareness signage Signs are displayed by each sink/basin for users to be made aware of the need for water efficiency.
Dishwasher and glasswashers must be full for each wash cycle.
car park and clubhouse All clubhouse water and rainwater is directed to the clubs lakes for use in irrigation


To reduce energy consumption where possible whilst ensuring efficient practise and member satisfaction. Some of the initiatives we have implemented are;

1. Use energy efficient bulbs where possible
2. Use timer light switches
3. Purchased hybrid mower technology and will consider again where possible
4. Regular servicing of machinery to ensure efficient usage
5. Plan for variable speed pumps in irrigation pump house
6.Members of staff will walk to jobs if a utility vehicle is not needed to save on fuel.
7.Turning off all lights when they are not needed.
8.Taking the shortest root where possible on mowers to save fuel and cut down on emissions.

Sources & Consumption

No energy surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

Consumption of renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2016 2015 2014
Biogas (Litres) 0 0
Biomass 0 0
First Generation Bio-Fuels (Litres) 0 0
Hydrogen (Litres) 0 0
On-site Hydro (kWh) 0 0
On-site Solar (kWh) 0 0
On-site Wind (kWh) 0 0
Renewable Grid Electricity (kWh) 0 0
Second Generation Bio-Fuels (Litres) 0 0
Wood from sustainable sources 0 0

Consumption of non-renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2016 2015 2014
Coal 0 0
Diesel (Litres) 22380 21287 19800
Heating Oil (Litres) 0 0
Hydraulic Oil (Litres) 400 400 400
LPG (Litres) 0 0
Natural Gas (Litres) 31260000 34480000 23000000
Non-renewable Grid (kWh) 267159 251822 360000
Petrol (Litres) 9350 7300 12000
Propane / Butane (Litres) 0 0
Wood from unsustainable sources 0 0

Energy Efficiency

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to diversify energy and fuel supply:

Activity Description
Installation of small scale wind turbine NA
Installation of photovoltaic and / or solar panels We are building new storage facilities for equipment and investigating the use of solar energy on the roof.
Use of geothermal and / or ground sources NA
Use of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) NA
Use of biodiesel and /or ethanol NA
Use of electric hybrid vehicles We purchased two ride on greens mowers with electrically powered reel motors which will reduce the amount of fuel we use due to having to use less power. Also it reduces the risk of hydraulic leaks on the course and also saves on hydraulic oil which we consume.
Avoiding vehicle-based transport By walking to jobs that don't require a utility vehicle we save fuel and cut down on emissions.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to reduce energy consumption:

Activity Description
Optimizing thermostat levels for heating and refrigeration All fridges in the kitchen have thermometers on them that provide accurate temperature readings.
In the clubhouse, the radiators have individual thermostats so radiators are turned down/off when not needed. The heating system is turned off in the summer.
Enhancement of natural ventilation opportunities The clubhouse has 8 large balcony doors that are reguarly open throughout the summer to give the clubhouse natural ventilation.
Upgrading of building insulation The clubhouse has invested in thicker curtains to use in the winter to reduce energy loss through the large glass windows.
Use of natural light (e.g. sunlight pipes) The balcony doors in the clubhouse let through a great deal of light, ensuring the use of electric lights is kept to a minimum. There is also a contract cleaner for all the windows in the club (fortnightly)
The skylight in the main clubhouse lounge also helps to provide adequate natural light during the day.
Installation of low-energy lighting Low energy light bulbs are used as replacements, when possible.
The greenkeepers facilities are replacing old light bulbs with LED low energy versions (including tube lighting)
Use of motion sensor lighting Motion sensor lighting is used up the drive at night for safety of members when leaving the course and in the maintenance yard. This also means that power is only used when the sensor is activated.
Transition to energy efficient appliances As with all new purchases, the club is committed to replacing all new appliances with low energy replacements.
Use of timers with appliances, heating and lighting The lights in the maintenance compound toilets are on timers. This also helps to prevent the extraction fans from burning out. Also most of the clubhouse lights ( the car park and drive) are on timers. These are adjusted for seasonal variations in daylight hours.
Educating staff and customers All staff are reminded to turn lights off when they are not being used. Wastage is kept to a minimum in all departments. If something can be re-used they will try their best to. This is communicated in staff meetings and Head Of Department Meetings.

Vehicles & Transport

The maintenance fleet at this golf facility uses the following fuel sources:

Ride-on Mowers Walking Mowers Utility Vehicles
Petrol 17% 100% 47%
Diesel 83% 0% 53%
LPG 0% 0% 0%
Grid Electric 0% 0% 0%
Micro Renewable 0% 0% 0%
Hybrid 0% 0% 0%
Hydrogen 0% 0% 0%

Additional vehicles operated by this golf facility use the following fuel sources:

Golf Carts Cars Buses
Diesel 33%
Grid Electric 100%
Hybrid 67%

This golf facility has established the following schemes to encourage reductions in staff and customer transport emissions:

Activity Description
Car sharing incentives The staff generally share lifts if they live near each other.
Secure cycle parking Three of the staff ride to work where their bike will be secured for the day whilst they are working.
Promoting public transport routes and timetables Weekend staff get the train to the nearest station.
Increasing equipment storage (e.g. lockers) For the people who ride their bike there is ample room in their lockers to keep their belongings.
Staff showers There are showers available to staff if they wish to use them.

Supply Chain

We work closely with Headland/Turfcare to get a good fertiliser programme in place at the start of the year which enables us to work out how much we will need throughout the year. If we think we can reduce this we will. Headland are working to ensure their own client base is more UK focused.
Energy saving lightbulbs and timers are used all around the golf club to reduce electricity usage.
Our main machinery supplier is Farol/John Deere who are located only 2 miles down the road. So we dont and they dont have to travel far to fix or deliver parts.
The pro shops main supplier is Mizuno which is also only located 2 miles down the road so any purchases or returns are done within the local area.
We had a area of woodland reduced by 30%. This contained mainly pine trees (pinus salius).We had a member come in and cut up the trees and shape them so we can build benches for are compound.We also used the saw dust to soak up any spills around the workshop.Any off cuts were pilled up and a email was sent to members regarding the logs saying they could help them selves if they so wished. Also a few eco piles were made using some of the smaller logs.
We try to ensure we work with green suppliers and local producers where possible.
Pesticide information has been submitted to GEO via offline documentation.

Purchasing Policies

This golf facility undertakes the following ethical / environmental purchasing activities:

Activity Description
Measures to avoid waste at source Excess food from dinner parties and functions are given as staff food.
Food stuffs/chemicals and fertiliser are bought in bulk to avoid packaging waste.
Currently looking at suppliers providing products without cardboard packaging and excess material.
Use of local suppliers Our main equipment supplier is only two miles away from the golf club so parts are easy to collect and customer support regards to fixing machines is not that far to travel.
The pro shop's main supplier is only two miles down the road as well so all purchases and returns are not far away.
The kitchen uses local meat suppliers situated only three miles away, which they will use on a regular basis.Same with fruit and vegetables.
The electrician and plumber are members of the golf club and we will offer any work to members first if they want to do the work.
Use of local products The kitchen uses locally grown fruit and veg, along with local meat suppliers.
The bar has recently started to purchase ale from a local brewery.
The kitchen have recently built, planted and manage a small herb garden.
Use of recycled and recyclable products All our organic waste such as grass clippings, felled trees, soil and sand from renovation work is composted in an area just outside our compound. When enough of it has composted we have it screened and then re-use it on the golf course as a top dressing full of natural nutrients.
We allow a local tree surgeons to dump their chipped wood at our site which we reuse on our footpaths and as mulch around our clubhouse beddings.
Selection of products that feature minimal packaging Fertilizers are now more commonly purchased in 200l & 1000L containers as opposed to individual 10 litre containers which creates more waste.
Clothing orders are made in bulk to reduce packaging when possible.
Use of accredited suppliers (e.g. ISO 14001) We purchase machinery from Ransomes Jacobsen which is ISO 14001 approved such as the smithco rollers.

Supply Chain

An overview of the supplier network at this golf facility:

Total number of suppliers Total number of suppliers within 10 Miles Total number of suppliers within 100 Miles
Food & Beverage 8 7 1
Catering Supplies 10 8 2
Retail 5 3 2
Trade & Contractors 20 18 2
Maintenance Equipment 3 3
Course Supplies 10 10

Turfgrass Inputs

This golf facility undertakes the following IPM activities:

Activity Description
Encouraging drought and disease tolerant grasses We overseed our fairways with fescue which helps to protect from drought and retain water. Experimenting with RTF (tall fescue) on tees and walk off areas for less water and hard wearing.
Managing stress and wear In winter we will have rope on the course that we move daily to spread the wear around greens and on all walk on-walk off areas. Top dressing is applied to help soak away water and to stabilise the ground and reduce worm casts. We hand water daily throughout the warmer months so the greens and other areas will not get stressed.
Enhancement of soil structure We use lots of aeration techniques including earthquake, slitters, verti-drain and corers and apply compost and sand to improve soil structure.
Optimization of the growing environment Over seeding is done in spring and autumn to maximise the growth of the new seed.Top dressing is applied throughout the year to promote good drainage and to keep the plant healthy with a good sward coming into the growing season.Which means we dont have to use as much fertiliser throughout the year and let natural growth development occur.
Managing thatch levels Throughout the growing season we verticut regularly and undertake two major programmes of thatch removal with either hollow-core or graden
Managing surface moisture Greens, tee and approach dew is removed first thing when mowing or rolling does not commence. Soil moisture is monitored daily. along with evapotranspiration rates
Establishing thresholds for pests and disease At Bearwood Lakes the threshold for disease is as low as possible. In conjunction with a well managed cultural program, if there is disease present we will spray a curative. With USGA greens we are quite susceptible to fusarium. We aerate a lot throughout the year to keep are air flow up and to keep the greens healthy to prevent fusarium from coming in. If we see early signs or we have a wet and warm summer we will spray a preventative when we can to prevent the disease coming in.
Scouting for pests and diseases Scouting takes place during course set up, and also is monitored daily by the assistants and course manager.
Monitoring / improvement of plant health We monitor plant health every day be it when we are cutting or dew brushing or even rolling.All greenkeepers are in formed to keep an eye out, if any part of the course is looking unhealthy.They should mention it to a senior member of staff who will see if they can remedy the problem.

Fertilizer use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2016 2015 2014
Fairways - K - Inorganic 20 15 15
Fairways - N - Inorganic 60 40 40
Greens - K - Inorganic 200 180 190
Greens - N - Inorganic 195 185 200
Greens - P - Inorganic
Rough - K - Inorganic
Rough - K - Organic
Rough - N - Inorganic
Rough - N - Organic
Rough - P - Inorganic
Rough - P - Organic
Semi-Rough - K - Inorganic 20 20 20
Semi-Rough - N - Inorganic 140 150 150
Tees - K - Inorganic 190 190 190
Tees - N - Inorganic 180 195 200
Tees - P - Inorganic

Pesticide use at this golf facility in the last three years (kg):

2016 2015 2014
Fairways - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0
Fairways - Fungicide - Total Weight 0
Fairways - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0
Fairways - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0
Fairways - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1
Fairways - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 2
Greens - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 8
Greens - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0
Greens - Herbicide - Total Weight 0
Greens - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 0
Greens - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0
Greens - Insecticide - Total Weight 0
Greens - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0
Rough - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0 0
Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1 1
Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 1
Semi-Rough - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 1
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 2
Tees - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 0
Tees - Fungicide - Total Weight 0
Tees - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 0
Tees - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 0
Tees - Insecticide - Total Weight 0
Tees - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 0

This golf facility undertakes the following actions to optimize pesticide use:

Activity Description
Selection of appropriate products for specific pests and diseases We use these products to target the following pests: Heritage and Instrata for fusarium; Relay as a selective herbicide; Roundup as a complete weedkiller.
Spot-treatment with handheld sprayers and wipers Relay for selective weed killing with a knapsack sprayer.
Calibration and testing of sprayers By using low dose rates in the smallest amount of water when applying chemicals.
The sprayer is calibrated by an independent body annually.
Use of shrouded sprayer and anti-drip nozzles All our spraying equipment uses anti-drip nozzles.
Non-chemical weed control Top dressing is applied to areas with weeds as they dont like growing in sand.
Use of organic and biological products to improve plant health and resistance. Sustain 4-6-4 for seed germination.

Waste Management

No waste audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility manages key waste streams as follows:

Re-use Recycle Landfill Incinerate
Glass false true false false
Plastic false true false false
Aluminium false true false false
Metal false true false false
Paper & Cardboard false true false false
Grass Clippings false true false false
Cores & Turf false true false false
Sand false true false false
Wood / Timber false true false false

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to continue the lifecycle of materials and resources:

Activity Description
Separation of recyclable materials We recycle paper and cardboard, and separate glass bottles from the clubhouse.
Establishment of recycling centers The greens department has a recycle bin for cardboard and we also re-use our scrap metal; if not we will dispose of it in the correct way. The clubhouse recycles all their paper and cardboard. They also have three bottle banks for all glass bottles from the bar.
Returning clipping to fairways and walkways We do not have boxes on our fairway mowers so all clippings are returned to the profile.
Education of staff and customer education Staff are asked to pile up their grass clippings in the compost ares where possible.Plus any other spoil that can be re used or composted must be kept.

Pollution Control

All staff are educated on environmental matters on the golf course.
We have a five year landscape and ecology programme to develop the flora and fauna of the estate. Also we use ePar to make sure that environmental regulations are carried out strictly and accurately. We have regular communication with the staff to help preserve and develop the landscape in a sympathetic and forward thinking manner. Issues we have covered are;

1.Litter collection and recycling
2.Preventing fuel and chemical run off .
3.The spray technician is aware of all codes of conduct related to spraying and disposing of chemical bottles.A registered company take away all our chemical bottles batteries and any other hazadrous materials.
4.Buffer zones are adhered to when spraying near any water courses.
5.Spraying is prohibited when high wind is present.
6.We have a full risk assesment in place for all jobs and this is reviewed every year.
7.All staff have a safe system of work manual which they can look at at any time if they wish to do so.
8.House keeping is kept to a high standard all the time to insure good working facilities.
9. Education of members to help maintain and develop flora and fauna

Water Analysis

This golf facility monitors water quality with the following frequency:

Chemical Biological Visual
Inflow Monthly Monthly Daily
On-Site Monthly Monthly Daily
Outflow Monthly Monthly Daily

Waste Water

Waste water from this golf facility is managed as follows:

Discharges to Formal Discharge Agreement
Golf Course Irrigation Reservoir N/A
Clubhouse On-Site Treatment Plant Yes
Maintenance Facility On-Site Treatment Plant Yes
Wash Pad Via Oil Separator Yes

Hazardous Materials

Hazardous materials at this golf facility are handled and disposed of as follows:

Secure Storage Registered Uplift
Detergents true false
Cooking Oils true true
Lubricants true true
Pesticide Containers true true
Fertiliser Bags true true
Oil Filters true true
Batteries true true

Pollution Prevention

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution from its maintenance facility and clubhouse:

Activity Description
Storage of equipment and hazardous products on covered, sealed impervious areas Our chemical container is stored undercover and all chemicals are stored off the ground. The chemical store is made of steel with a metal mesh bottom to store all chemicals off the ground. The store is padlocked and secured every night.
Maintenance of equipment on covered, sealed impervious areas We have three barns where we store our maintenance equipment. All have slip proof floors and 2 have roller shutting doors. We are in the process of updating the 3rd barn to include roller doors and we use 4 reclaimed shipping containers to store our hand tools and construction materials.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers in covered areas Our outdoor barn is where the chemicals are stored and any mixing will be done under cover, away from water courses and drains. For a large quantity of mixing we will use our 2500litre mixing tank which has an engine for the agitator. All mixing is done on a wash pad wish leads to a separator.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers over impervious surfaces Our compound is all floored with impervious concrete which drains into our wash down bay which safely filters out any chemicals, oils and fuel.
Installation of above-ground fuel tanks Both our diesel and petrol tanks are both above ground and double bunded for health and safety. Both are fitted with fuel pump guns and are locked when not in use.
Installation of sufficient secondary containment for fuel Both tanks are doubled bunded to 1.5 times the size of the actual fuel tank storage.
Provision of containment booms and absorbent materials Spill kits are next to all fueling tanks ready to use if there is any spills.
Storage of petrol and two stroke We have another two firesafe containers which store our petrol and two stroke for use on the course in our strimmers and blowers etc. These have sealed floors and spill kits placed alongside them.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution on its golf course:

Activity Description
Eliminating leachate and run-off through careful timing of turf inputs By looking at the weather and ground conditions we can stop all run off and prevent leachate. If it is raining we will not spray to avoid surface run-off and leachate.
Establishment of vegetative buffer strips around water bodies We currently have reeds lining the majority of our water bodies. These are managed reguarly to keep them under control and wildlife is checked before we carry out any work.
Establishment of emergency spillage response plan All the staff are aware of the spill kits that are situated around the compound. In the event of a spillage the staff are requested to cover the spill with the special absorbant material and then report the spill to a senior member of staff.
Controlling erosion and sediment discharge Sleepers have been installed on the out flow of the lakes to prevent soil erosion and the banks eroding where water naturally under cuts the bank.
Use of swales and bio-filters to slow and treat surface run-off use of reed beds in near weirs on the 10th hole in the lakes to improve water quality


We work closely with the local colleges (Redham and Merrist Wood) to educate them on how we manage our landscape and environmental systems. A few years ago we won a environmental award for lake management and reed control on two of our lakes.We communicate to our members through email and seasonal news letters and daily postings about the changes to the course and what we are trying to achieve in the coming months.
If we have any logs left over after our woodland management in winter we communicate to the members to help themselves so they are put to good use. We also give guided tours to MSc students from reading university and local golf course managers.

Bearwood Lakes Golf Club has the following key objectives for educating and raising environmental awareness amongst staff and golfers:

We have established a clear environmental plan which is undertaken and in the best interest of the golf course, neighbour, wildlife and the members. Information about this is regularly conveyed to staff and members alike via

1. twitter
2. a golf course blog
3. members newletters
4. email
5. general communication to members as part of a day to day interaction
6. signs and notices around the golf course
7. the course manager attends regular committee meetings to undertake a presentation

Employment & Education

Typical staffing levels at this golf facility are:

Full Time Part Time Seasonal
Club Management 5
Course Management 15 3
Food & Beverage 11 6 5
Golf Coaching 5
Retail & Leisure 4 3
Other 1

The sustainability working group at this golf facility is comprised of:

  • Owner
  • General Manager
  • Course Manager
  • Committee Members
  • Technical Specialist

Employees at this golf facility receive the following formal and informal environmental education:

Activity Description
Storage, application and disposal of pesticides 10 of the 15 employees in the greens department have qualified in PA1 PA6 knapsack. 3 of those staff have qualified in PA2 boom sprayer. These qualifications enable the staff qualified to be competent in the storage, application and disposal of pesticide.
Efficient water management All staff are advised to report any leaks from sprinkler heads pipes and any other water related leaks to a senior member of staff. That will enable the irrigation tech to get the problem fixed straight away. Irrigation training is part of the staff education and all staff understand how to use a soil moisture probe. Evapotranspiration readings are recorded daily to ascertain turf requirements as well.
Regular staff meetings to discuss water issues is paramount to the success of the business plus weekly lake readings and sampling.
Management of accidents and emergencies Three members of staff are fully qualified in first aid, one of whom is the course manager Andrew Whittaker. All staff are aware of emergency procedure first aid. All first aid kits are in full view and easy access for any member of staff. We have an emergnecy first aid procedure on the golf course to ensure quick and efficient help for anyone injured or to prevent further problems such as water contamination.
Management of habitats and vegetation An ecology report from the STRI is guiding our woodland and vegetation management around the golf course.
Waste minimization, separation and recycling Staff are reminded to always recycle their drinks bottles, cardboard, glass and paper.
This is split into three waste containers in the facility.
Health & Safety Every member of staff has a 'Safe System of Work' folder that is reviewed constantly. The folder contains all the relevant advice, risk details and safety instructions for day-to-day jobs.
Energy Saving Light switches are on timers and sensors in toilets. LED bulbs are used throughout the clubhouse.
Understanding of landscape and cultural heritage All employees are aware of the protected trees around the site.
Environmental management planning see answers above

Community Relations

This golf facility engages with local community groups in the following manner:

Activity Description
Local Environmental Groups We work with the environment agency regarding our water usage.
Media Our marketing department works closely with the local and national media to ensure positive environmental work is promoted.
Local Businesses Every Thursday morning the clubhouse hosts a meeting for a networking group called BNI, whereby local businesses meet to advertise their businesses. Also a few of the local businesses have taken out a coporate membership with us.
Schools & Colleges All departments encourage the placements of students on work experience. The clubhouse have had several local school pupils who have worked and gained experience in the hospitality industry. Likewise the pro shop and greens departments have also trained college students who have a passion for working within the golfing industry, whether it be in sports turf management or in golf management.

Land Use & Cultural Heritage

This golf facility provides access and diversified land use for others through:

Activity Description
Maintenance of existing public paths N/A
Creation of new paths and nature trails We create new paths for golf traffic using bark chippings recycled from our own chipper and local tree surgeons drop their waste chippings here for our use. Bark chip path look natural and absorb water rather than creating run off.
Installation of effective and welcoming signage There are two signs eithier side of the golf club entrance and additional signs up the drive to help visitors where to go . The green keeping department put up a daily notice of what is being carried out on the course and of any environmental work taking place.
Providing opportunities for other recreation (e.g. fishing) The members are allowed to fish on one of the lakes at the Managing Director's discretion.

No archaeological or heritage surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding the conservation of cultural heritage.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to conserve cultural heritage features:

Activity Description
Historic Features (Hedgerows / Dykes / Moats / Cairns etc) Bearwood Lake was hand dug and the bricks were moulded to build both the Redham College and the Times building in London. John Walter, the founder of Bearwood estate, also started the Times newspaper.


This golf facility undertakes the following internal environmental communications:

Activity Description
Provision of newsletters, notice boards & poster display There are several notice boards in the clubhouse that let members know what we are doing on the course throughout the year. We also have a bird watch list on a notice board where the members can note the different species of birds and animals they have seen around the course.
Members evenings and course walks Course walks are done once a year to give the members an insight to what is happening on the course and what these projects will do to improve the environment and golfing experience at Bearwood Lakes. The course manager undertakes a presentation monthly to the committee and annually at the AGM
Course guides / brochures The club communicates quarterly through an e mail newsletter to all its members includes environmental initiatives.
Interpretation panels & course signage Around the course their are a couple of signs bringing the golfers attention to ecological work carried out by the staff.

This golf facility undertakes the following social and environmental advocacy activities:

Activity Description
Website, press releases & brochures Being a private members course with only a select amount of tee times available to the public which are known as day membership. We tend to advertise these by word of mouth and in local business brochures.
Supporting campaigns We have regular charity golf day events supporting local and nationwide charities.
Course walks / open days A couple of evenings a year members are invited to walk the course with the agronomy team to highlight the work we do both with turf maintenance and ecological work. Also include local members of BIGGA.