Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club

GEO Certified® 09/2015
Zhu Zhou, Hunan,
Telephone: +8618373328688

Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club is a 27-hole semi-private golf facility located in the city of Zhuzhou, Hunan province, China. In only its third year of operation, the club is able to implement sustainable practices more easily and quickly than older golf clubs with more established policies and procedures.

Although constructed on relatively flat land, Xiang Shui Bay’s 27 holes feature significant elevation changes with undulating fairways and large contoured greens. Playing challenges were designed with abundant water bodies and bunkering through…

Elliot Powers, GEOSA, Accredited Verifier Read verifier report.

GEO Certified® Report

GEO Certified® is the symbol of great golf environments worldwide – designating that a golf facility has met a credible standard in the areas of nature, water, energy, supply chain, pollution control, and community, and is committed to continually improve. GEO Certified® is widely trusted and endorsed by a growing number of organizations and people, both inside and outside golf.

Click below to read about the activities undertaken by this golf facility to operate sustainably.

Facility details

Golf Courses
Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club (27 holes, 10760 yards, year opened 2013)
1 Clubhouse(s)
3 Halfway House(s)
1 Practice Facility/Facilities
1 Maintenance Facility/Facilities


Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club was built on a relatively flat and low swampy originated area. Upon completion, it has become a signature flora and fauna sanctuary in the urban area of Zhu Zhou City. Considering the large influx amount of birds, ducks and other wildlife species into this area, this golf course has certainly become an environmental shelter within an industrialized city.

Consultation & Surveys

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding landscape heritage conservation:


No landscape assessments or surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility consults the following organizations regarding ecosystem protection and enhancement:


No ecological surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

Rare, protected and notable species occurring at this golf facility:

Local name Scientific name
野生水鸭 Anatidae
白鹭 Egretta Garzetta
鸳鸯 Aix Galericula
喜鹊 Pica pica
锦鸡 Chrysolophus
斑鸠 Streptopelia turtur

This golf facility does not monitor any species as indicators of environmental quality.

Habitats & Designations

This golf facility does not feature any landscape designations.

Area of habitats / vegetation types, and associated designations at this golf facility:

Title Estimated Area (Acres) Designation
Native Woodland 11.12 Self Appointed
Non Native Plantation Woodland 22.24 Self Appointed
Open Water Features 42.01 Self Appointed
Wetlands 0.74 Self Appointed
Scrub Vegetation 9.39 Self Appointed
Sand dunes 6.75 Self Appointed


Size and estimated species composition of amenity turfgrass maintained at this golf facility.

Estimated Area (Acres) Turfgrass Species Sward Composition (%)
Greens 4.97 Acres Agrostis stolonifera / palustris 100%
Tees 5.15 Acres Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis 100%
Fairways 63.0 Acres Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis 100%
Semi Rough 118.01 Acres Cynodon dactylon x C. transvaalensis 100%

These turfgrasses are optimal for the circumstances at this club because:
Creeping Bentgrass A4 (Agrostis) was chosen as green turf for it's aesthetics surface, playing performance whilst better tolerance interms of disease and stress . Bermuda Tif-Sport (Cynodon dactylon) was chosen as tee, fairway and semi rough turf for it's density and more importantly due to the local subtropical climate. Bahia grass (Paspalum notatum) was planted on selected rough areas and in between fairways for natural aesthetic apprearance and low maintenance.

This golf facility assesses mowing patterns every: 6 months

This golf facility consults the following individuals / organizations regarding its grassing plan:


This golf facility is making the following efforts to manage the playing quality expectations of customers:

Activity Description
Establishing clear internal policies for irrigation, fertilization, colour, cutting heights, overseeding etc We have an internal golf course maintenance Policy and Procedures. All maintenance employees are trained and required to follow strictly on the Standard Operating Procedures (SOP).
Promoting the playing quality values of more naturalized turf, particularly fairways and semi-rough We have re-designated certain areas from semi-roughs to roughs by planting Bahia grasses. These Bahia grass areas are considered as naturalized as they have since neither being irrigated nor fertilized.
Promoting the financial benefits of presenting sustainable surfaces Upon completing the planting of Bahia grasses, it's rather obvious from the financial benefits point of view. We do not have to continuosly mow, fertilize or apply chemicals.
Improving customer understanding around greens maintenance We would routinely publish articles and pictures on our golf course maintenance practices to all members and customers.

Conservation & Enhancement

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve landscape character:

Activity Description
Allowing seasonal variation of course coloration and texture Our Bermuda Tif-Sport covered area (tees, fairways, semi roughs) would go dormant during winter season, we would overseed only on tees and fairways leaving semi roughs to be off colored. Creeping Bentgrass A4 turf on greens would maintain it's greenish color all year round.
Appropriately matching mowing lines to contours We separate our semi rough and fairway through utilizing the slight contours and accentuate them through carefully planned mowing patterns.
Discreet on-course signage and furniture Minimal signages are located within the golf course to preserve the natural appearance. We utilize big rock on every tees as tee box signage.
Conservation of specimen trees We have preserved and re-located a lot of native trees during design and construction stage. These trees are currently being carefully maintained inorder to provide a better natural landscape appearance.
Screening and softening unsightly man-made features The man-made features (cart parts/pump station) are screened discreetly via planting of trees.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the landscape ecology of the golf course:

Activity Description
Minimizing the amount of amenity grass We have re-designated certain areas from semi-roughs to roughs by planting Bahia grasses.
Increasing the size of habitat patches We have several areas designed as shallow wetlands surrounding lakes and ponds.
Connection of internal habitat patches Out of play areas within the golf course are not manicured thus it would allow for connection of habitats which is vital to the ecological value of the course.
Creation of habitat corridors Ongoing management of large remnants of indigenous woodland to maintain patch habitats and wildlife corridors.
Avoidance of habitat fragmentation We planted a lot of aquatic plants (water lily) around the shallow wetlands in order to avoid habitat fragmentation.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to improve the quality of habitats on the golf course:

Activity Description
Creation of botanically rich rough grassland We have spreaded a lot of wild flower seeds on the Bahia grasses (rough grassland).
Maintenance of an appropriate balance of open water and aquatic vegetation Our aquatic plants at shallow wetlands and ponds areas are routinely manicured.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve and enhance biodiversity on the golf course:

Activity Description
Provision of nesting and nectar for pollinators We have planted alot of srubs and wild flowers at selected rough areas.


Water usage is one of the important emphasis of Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club. There are a total of 17 ponds/ water features within the golf course whereby each of them are connected via either underground storm drain pipes or waterways mainly for irrigation and aesthetic purposes. Irrigation frequency is closely managed via a semi-automatic irrigation control system (Rainbird). The turf species and choice of planting at Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club are also relatively appropriate due to the climate of the area which is the fundamental support towards our water saving program.

Sources & Consumption

The following water audits have been undertaken at this golf facility:

Title Author Date View document
Report on Surface water and Waste water within Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club Department of Environmental Protection,Zhu Zhou City 2014/08/26

The water used at this golf facility is drawn from the following sources:

2014 Source(s) % of supply Total Consumption
Clubhouse(s) Public / Potable 100% 20,020 Cubic Metres
Golf Course Surface 100% 270,000 Cubic Metres
Maintenance Facility/Facilities Public / Potable 100% 24,000 Cubic Metres

Irrigation & Efficiency

The following areas receive irrigation at this golf facility:

Greens Weekly
Tees Weekly
Fairways Weekly
Semi-Rough Weekly
Rough Never

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

The irrigation system at this golf facility is:

Serviced every 6 months

Upgraded every 1 years

Re-calibrated and checked for efficient application every 6 months

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to maximize irrigation efficiency:

Activity Description
Selection of grass species Creeping Bentgrass A4 was selected for greens and Tif-Sport was selected for Fairways, Tees and Rough for their heat and drought tolerant which reduces the amount of irrigation needed. Bahia grass was chosen for the common areas for its drought tolerance.
Soil decompaction and thatch management Tee boxes are aerified and topdressed biannually. Fairways are aerified and topdressed annually. Greens, Collar, Apron are aerified and topdressed at least three times or more yearly. Fertilizer applications are kept to a minimum rate in order to help contain thatch development.
Timing and dose of water application Water application are strictly contained within the selected area needed and dosage amount and timing are performed on an “as needed” basis depending on the time of year and weather.
Analysis of soil moisture Soil moisture levels are being monitored daily using soil probe.
Incorporation of evapotranspiration rates and weather data Our Rain bird irrigation control system provides daily evapotranspiration rates and weather datas. These datas are kept for analysis and reviews.
Use of wetting agents Wetting agents are used regularly on greens. Fairways are spot treated.
Overall reduction in irrigated area Selected areas within the golf course are turned into bahia rough/landscape planting area where irrigation are not needed.
Targeting of sprinkler heads Sprinkler heads are adjusted and monitored inorder to avoid "off-site" watering.
Optimizing system pressure System pressure is being checked at a regular basis.
Adoption of cutting edge nozzle technology Our nozzles are the latest technology available.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to conserve / reduce / minimize water consumption:

Activity Description
Low-flow urinals and toilets Club House, Half way houses, driving range and GCM facility are equipped with "HCG" low flow urinals and toilets.
Use of water efficient appliances Low flow water faucet has been installed within the Club house.
Repairing leaks Any leakage or abnormal irrigation behaviour, the engineering department will repair it immediately.
Water awareness signage Water saving signages are being placed at certain areas to ensure customers are aware of our effort in water saving.


In Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club's day to day operation, there are five main types of energy supplies (Diesel, Gasoline, Liquified Petroluem Gas, On-Site Solar and Non-renewable Electricity). We have a complete list of weekly comsumption of all energy usage inorder for us to closely monitor and work towards an energy friendly environment.

Sources & Consumption

No energy surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

Consumption of renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2014 2013 2012
On-site Solar (kWh) 63840

Consumption of non-renewable energy and resources at this golf facility:

2014 2013 2012
Diesel (Cubic Metres) 39370
LPG (Cubic Metres) 26400
Non-renewable Grid (kWh) 654096
Petrol (Cubic Metres) 10315

Energy Efficiency

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to diversify energy and fuel supply:

Activity Description
Adoption of green tariff grid supply Supply are from China Southern Power Grid.
Installation of photovoltaic and / or solar panels We have installed 300 square meters of of solar panels at our staff dormitory.
Use of Liquified Petroleum Gas (LPG) Liquified Petroleum Gas are used for Club house's kitchen and all changing rooms.

This golf facility is undertaking the following activities to reduce energy consumption:

Activity Description
Investment in low-energy heating and air conditioning systems All air conditioning units within the club house are of mid or low government approved rated energy label rating.
Optimizing thermostat levels for heating and refrigeration We set our air conditioning systems to provide the most suitable temperature levels during summer and winter at public areas, and lower levels at back of the house.
Enhancement of natural ventilation opportunities We promote natural ventilation by opening up windows and doors during fine weather condition.
Use of natural light (e.g. sunlight pipes) We have designed and constructed a number of sunlight pipings through ceiling within the club house in order to allow natural sun light in.
Installation of low-energy lighting Most of our lightings (bulbs) are of low energy lighting rated.
Use of motion sensor lighting All our stairway lighting systems (club house and dormitory) are motion censor lighting system.
Transition to energy efficient appliances Most appliances purchased and used within the Club House are energy efficient.
Use of timers with appliances, heating and lighting Lightings at the carpark areas are controlled by timer.
Educating staff and customers We promote energy conservation by posting energy saving tips and posters in the club house and also back of the house.

Vehicles & Transport

The maintenance fleet at this golf facility uses the following fuel sources:

Ride-on Mowers Walking Mowers Utility Vehicles
Petrol 85% 70%
Diesel 100% 10%
Grid Electric 15% 20%

Additional vehicles operated by this golf facility use the following fuel sources:

Golf Carts Cars Buses
Petrol 100%
Diesel 38%
Grid Electric 100% 62%

This golf facility has established the following schemes to encourage reductions in staff and customer transport emissions:

Activity Description
Group transportation (e.g. buses) The Club provides shuttle buses at set schedules.
Secure cycle parking The Club provides a secured cycle parking for guests and also employees.
Promoting public transport routes and timetables The Club provides shuttle buses at set schedules.
Increasing equipment storage (e.g. lockers) The Club provides lockers for all staffs as well as large warehouse for all machineries and materials.
Staff showers Shower rooms are provided for both male and female employees.

Supply Chain

Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club's purchasing policy is based on a straight forward principle, which is "purchase only on what is needed" in order to curb wastages. Each department managers are required to set yearly purchasing budgets carefully and reasonably. In terms of purchasing of fertilizers and chemicals, our top priority has always been making 100% sure that they are certified and approved by the government. We put very high consideration on purchasing of environmental friendly products which has the least pollution impact on environment.

Purchasing Policies

This golf facility undertakes the following ethical / environmental purchasing activities:

Activity Description
Measures to avoid waste at source We purchased our daily usage items mostly from local suppliers in order to avoid waste at source.
Use of local suppliers Most of our daily products are supplied by local/neighborhood suppliers.
Use of local products Most items that we purchased are locally made except for those professional items.
Selection of certified products All fertilizers and chemicals used by the golf course maintenance team are certified and approved by the government.
Use of recycled and recyclable products Recyclable products ie. tree trunks/branches are chopped into smaller pieces to be used as wooden piling at certain steep slope around water area in order to prevent erosion.
Selection of products that feature minimal packaging We have always used minimal packaging for our fertilizers and chemicals. Ie. we prefer our fertilizers to be packed in a big package instead of individually packed.
Use of accredited suppliers (e.g. ISO 14001) Yes, We would prefer to engage accredited suppliers where possible. Currently, we have 6 suppliers whom are ISO 14001 accredited.

Supply Chain

An overview of the supplier network at this golf facility:

Total number of suppliers Total number of suppliers within 10 Miles Total number of suppliers within 100 Miles
Food & Beverage 6 6
Catering Supplies 8 2 6
Retail 13 13
Trade & Contractors 5 5
Maintenance Equipment 6 6
Course Supplies 13

Turfgrass Inputs

This golf facility undertakes the following IPM activities:

Activity Description
Encouraging drought and disease tolerant grasses Bermuda Tif-Sport and bahia are both drought and disease tolerant grasses.
Managing stress and wear We assess very carefully on the cutting heights at all areas in order to prevent unnecessary stress on grasses.
Enhancement of soil structure We practices routine aerifications and topdressings on greens, tees and fairways.
Managing thatch levels We practices aerifications (needle tine/hollow tine), verticutting and light top dressings in managing development of thatch.
Managing surface moisture We would apply wetting agents and irrigate on an "as required" basis.
Establishing thresholds for pests and disease We would target pest/disease and apply specific chemicals on the affected area, we do not apply chemicals on all areas.
Scouting for pests and diseases Our maintenance team are trained and required to carry out routine checks on all areas to identify pests and diseases.
Monitoring / improvement of plant health We send our soil structure to certified laboratory for examination, We have also invited a few agronomist/visiting professors to site for assistance.

Fertilizer use at this golf facility in the last three years (lb):

2014 2013 2012
Fairways - K - Inorganic 37.50
Fairways - N - Inorganic 62.50
Fairways - P - Inorganic 125.03
Greens - K - Inorganic 190.05
Greens - N - Inorganic 475.62
Greens - P - Inorganic 118.91
Semi-Rough - K - Inorganic 62
Semi-Rough - N - Inorganic 124.98
Semi-Rough - P - Inorganic 37.48
Tees - K - Inorganic 125
Tees - N - Inorganic 250
Tees - P - Inorganic 75

Pesticide use at this golf facility in the last three years (lb):

2014 2013 2012
Fairways - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0.09
Fairways - Herbicide - Total Weight 0.27
Fairways - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 4
Fairways - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 4.01
Fairways - Insecticide - Total Weight 20.05
Fairways - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 4
Greens - Fungicide - Active Ingredient 9.85
Greens - Fungicide - Total Weight 89.55
Greens - Fungicide - Number of applications per year 15
Greens - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 10.75
Greens - Insecticide - Total Weight 23.88
Greens - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 10
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0.06
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Total Weight 0.19
Semi-Rough - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 4
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 4.01
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Total Weight 20.06
Semi-Rough - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 4
Tees - Herbicide - Active Ingredient 0.16
Tees - Herbicide - Total Weight 0.48
Tees - Herbicide - Number of applications per year 4
Tees - Insecticide - Active Ingredient 3.94
Tees - Insecticide - Total Weight 19.71
Tees - Insecticide - Number of applications per year 4

This golf facility undertakes the following actions to optimize pesticide use:

Activity Description
Selection on the least toxic and lest persistent products We only purchase certified and approved products by the government.
Selection of appropriate products for specific pests and diseases Based on the product label recommendation, we would only apply specifically on what is needed to cure a specific disease or pest.
Spot-treatment with handheld sprayers and wipers Spot treatment applications are frequently carried out
Calibration and testing of sprayers Sprayers are routinely calibrated each time before they are being used.
Use of shrouded sprayer and anti-drip nozzles Our sprayers and nozzles are of anti-drip.
Non-chemical weed control On certain required occasion, we would hire additional laborers assigned just to do manual hand pull weeding.

Waste Management

No waste audits have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility manages key waste streams as follows:

Re-use Recycle Landfill Incinerate
Glass false true false false
Plastic false true false false
Aluminium false true false false
Metal false true false false
Paper & Cardboard true true false false
Grass Clippings false true false false
Cores & Turf false true false false
Sand false true false false
Wood / Timber true false false false

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to continue the lifecycle of materials and resources:

Activity Description
Separation of recyclable materials We have a separate recycle waste bin/area for these materials.
Returning clipping to fairways and walkways Except for greens, all other clippings are returned to fairways.
Education of staff and customer education Our employees are trained and required to perform reasonably on recycling.

Pollution Control

Managing pollution is being considered as one of the most important aspect by the management of Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club. We strictly control the usage and quality of inflow and outflow of water; we follow strictly on policy and procedures on the application of chemicals and fertilizers.

Water Analysis

This golf facility monitors water quality with the following frequency:

Chemical Biological Visual
Inflow Two Yearly Two Yearly Daily
On-Site Two Yearly Two Yearly Daily
Outflow Two Yearly Two Yearly Daily

Waste Water

Waste water from this golf facility is managed as follows:

Discharges to Formal Discharge Agreement
Golf Course Irrigation Reservoir N/A
Clubhouse Mains Sewer Yes
Maintenance Facility Mains Sewer Yes
Wash Pad Mains Sewer Yes

Hazardous Materials

Hazardous materials at this golf facility are handled and disposed of as follows:

Secure Storage Registered Uplift
Detergents true true
Cooking Oils true true
Lubricants true true
Pesticide Containers true true
Fertiliser Bags true true
Oil Filters true true
Batteries true true

Pollution Prevention

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution from its maintenance facility and clubhouse:

Activity Description
Storage of equipment and hazardous products on covered, sealed impervious areas All equipment and hazardous products are stored in sealed impervious locakable storage rooms.
Maintenance of equipment on covered, sealed impervious areas Maintenance of equipment is carried out in covered and sealed impervious area.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers in covered areas Yes.
Mixing of pesticides and fertilizers over impervious surfaces Yes.
Installation of above-ground fuel tanks No.
Installation of sufficient secondary containment for fuel Yes, in line with the regulations of local government.

This golf facility undertakes the following activities to prevent pollution on its golf course:

Activity Description
Eliminating leachate and run-off through careful timing of turf inputs During application of any chemical products, we will take into the account of weather condition.
Establishment of vegetative buffer strips around water bodies We have planted lots of aquatic plants and rough grasses throughout the golf course.
Establishment of emergency spillage response plan We have a specific Policy and Procedure in dealing with emergency spillage within the golf course.
Controlling erosion and sediment discharge All areas within the golf course are designed and planted with some form of vegetation to avoid erosion.
Establishment of pesticide-free zones We have never apply any pesticides on Bahia grass planted area.


Xiang Shui Bay Golf Club is under the authority of the government of Tian Yuan District ,Zhu Zhou City. It's being considered as the "signature place to visit" of the City as it's the first golf club which provides high quality recreational sports facilities. This project was listed as one of the Top Ten Key Projects by the Local government inorder to enhance the quality of life for the community and also in line with the strong promotion of income value from foreign investment. During and upon completion, the Golf Club has provided extensive employment opportunities for the locals as most of the employees are from around the neighborhood.

Employment & Education

Typical staffing levels at this golf facility are:

Full Time Part Time Seasonal
Club Management 45
Course Management 58 50
Food & Beverage 12
Golf Coaching 7 3
Retail & Leisure 18
Caddies 130

The sustainability working group at this golf facility is comprised of:

  • Owner
  • General Manager
  • Course Manager
  • Technical Specialist
  • Local Government

Employees at this golf facility receive the following formal and informal environmental education:

Activity Description
Storage, application and disposal of pesticides We have strict written rules and regulations for storage, application and disposal of pesticides. Specific storage room was designed and built for pesticides storage. Every employee are to adhere to these policies.
Efficient water management We promote manual hand watering in order to improve the efficiency of water usage on the course. On job trainings are being provided.
Management of accidents and emergencies All employees of the Golf Club have to participate in the new employee orientation/yearly seminars where topics like management of accidents/fire/flood or any other emergencies are being presented.
Management of habitats and vegetation On our day to day operations in maintaining the golf course, we have been following the fundamental principle of not damaging the natural habitats. On job trainings are being provided.
Waste minimization, separation and recycling We have started a Recycling program since beginning. We reuse waste wood, process them into debris which would be used for landscaping purposes. We promote paper and plastic recycling in the office.
Health & Safety We provide yearly Equipment Operation and Safety training lessons for all employees.
Energy Saving We provide yearly seminars/on job trainings where energy saving is one of the main topic.
Environmental management planning We follow the policies provided by the Department of Environmental Protection of Zhu Zhou City.

Community Relations

This golf facility engages with local community groups in the following manner:

Activity Description
Local Government We keep in regular contact with local government officials with regards to the environmental efforts we have put in thus far.
Schools & Colleges We offer internship positions for university students every year.

Land Use & Cultural Heritage

This golf facility provides access and diversified land use for others through:

Activity Description
Providing opportunities for other recreation (e.g. fishing) We have organized a few fishing outings and out door photography sessions within the golf course for our members and families.
Continuation of traditional agricultural activities We have segregated a portion of the golf course land to plant vegetables and fruits.

No archaeological or heritage surveys have been undertaken at this golf facility.

This golf facility does not consult any organizations regarding the conservation of cultural heritage.

This golf facility does not undertake any activities to conserve cultural heritage features.


This golf facility undertakes the following internal environmental communications:

Activity Description
Provision of newsletters, notice boards & poster display All employees and members of the club are updated on our environmental efforts.

This golf facility does not undertake any social and environmental advocacy activities.